Probolinggo, Indonesia

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Probolinggo, Indonesia

Region: East Java

Geographic Coordinates: -7.750000, 113.217000
Temperature Range: 22.0°C to 31.0°C (72°F to 88°F)
Climate: Tropical climate with rainy season from November to April and dry season from May to October.
Population: 223159
Language: Indonesian

Probolinggo is a charming city located in East Java, Indonesia. It is situated between two famous mountains, Mount Bromo and Mount Semeru. The city has a population of around 220, 000 people and is known for its rich culture and history. Probolinggo was once a major trading port during the Dutch colonial era, Which has left an indelible mark on the city’s architecture and cultural heritage. One of the most popular attractions in Probolinggo is Mount Bromo. This active volcano stands at 2, 329 meters tall and offers stunning views of the surrounding landscape.

Visitors can hike to the summit or take a jeep tour to see this natural wonder up close. The area around Mount Bromo is also home to several traditional villages where visitors can experience local culture firsthand. Another must-visit attraction in Probolinggo is Taman Safari Indonesia II Prigen, An animal park that covers over 350 hectares of land. Here visitors can see over 2, 500 animals from more than 150 different species including tigers, Lions, Elephants and many more.

Probolinggo also boasts some beautiful beaches such as Pasir Putih Beach with its crystal clear waters perfect for swimming or sunbathing on its white sand beach while enjoying fresh seafood dishes served by local vendors. For those interested in history and culture there are several museums in Probolinggo worth visiting such as Museum Bahari which showcases maritime artifacts from Dutch colonial times; Museum Brawijaya which displays weapons used during Indonesian independence fights against Dutch colonizers; or Museum Mpu Tantular that provides insight into Javanese art & culture through various historical objects like ancient batik fabrics or wayang puppets.

Food lovers will be delighted by Probolinggos culinary offerings as well – try out local delicacies like rawon (beef soup), Soto ayam (chicken soup), Nasi pecel (rice with vegetables and peanut sauce) or tahu tek (tofu dish with peanut sauce). Probolinggo is a hidden gem in East Java that offers something for everyone. From stunning natural wonders to rich cultural heritage and delicious local cuisine, This city has it all. Whether you’re looking for adventure or relaxation, Probolinggo is definitely worth a visit.

Important Landmarks

  1. Mount Bromo is a famous active volcano and natural wonder located in the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park.
  2. Madakaripura Waterfall is a stunning waterfall located at the end of a deep valley, surrounded by towering cliffs and lush greenery.
  3. Probolinggo City Square is a large public square in the heart of Probolinggo, featuring beautiful gardens, fountains, and statues.
  4. Jati Temple is an ancient Hindu temple complex dating back to the 14th century, known for its intricate carvings and architecture.
  5. Pasir Putih Beach is a popular white sand beach with crystal clear water, perfect for swimming and sunbathing.
  6. Red Island Beach is a secluded beach with red sand and stunning views of the Indian Ocean.
  7. Kedung Bunder Waterfall is another beautiful waterfall located in Probolinggo’s countryside, surrounded by rice paddies and lush vegetation.
  8. Taman Wisata Kawah Ijen (Ijen Crater) is an active volcano with turquoise-colored sulfuric acid lake that is popular among hikers and adventure seekers.
  9. Gunung Raung (Mount Raung) is one of East Java’s highest peaks that offers breathtaking views from its summit.
  10. Alun-Alun Kota Baru Probolinggo (New Town Square) is another public square in downtown Probolinggo that features various food stalls serving traditional Indonesian cuisine.

Primary Industries

  • Agriculture
    • Rice
    • Tobacco
    • Sugar cane
    • Fruits
  • Fishing
  • Tourism
    • Mount Bromo National Park
  • Manufacturing
    • Textiles
    • Furniture
    • Food products
  • Trading
    • Agricultural products
    • Handicrafts
  • Transportation
    • Bus companies
  • Education
    • Schools and universities
    • Universitas PGRI Ronggolawe (UPR)
      • Undergraduate programs in education, economics, engineering, law, agriculture, among others

    Noteable History

    1. The founding of Probolinggo dates back to the 15th century when a Javanese prince named Raden Wijaya established the city.
    2. In the 17th century, the Dutch East India Company set up a trading post in Probolinggo which eventually led to Dutch colonial rule over the region.
    3. Probolinggo witnessed intense fighting during the Indonesian National Revolution between Indonesian nationalists and Dutch forces in 1947.
    4. Raden Saleh, one of Indonesia’s most renowned painters, was born in Semarang but spent most of his life in Europe painting scenes from Java and Bali that are now considered masterpieces.
    5. Soekarno, Indonesia’s first president visited Probolinggo several times during his presidency and delivered speeches there.
    6. In 2010, Mount Bromo – an active volcano located near Probolinggo – erupted causing extensive damage to local communities.
    7. The fishing industry is a significant contributor to Probolinggo’s economy due to its location on Java’s coast.
    8. Several important Islamic heritage sites are located near or within Probolinggo, including Sunan Bonang’s tomb – one of nine saints revered by Javanese Muslims – and mosques dating back to Majapahit era (1293-1520).
    9. Agriculture is another crucial industry for Probolinggo due to its fertile soil and favorable climate for growing crops like rice, coffee, tobacco, and sugar cane.
    10. Traditional arts such as gamelan music and wayang shadow puppetry have been practiced for centuries in Probolinggo and continue to be an essential part of its culture today.

    Museums and Things To See

    1. Probolinggo City Museum: This museum showcases the history and culture of Probolinggo.
    2. Taman Wisata Agro Mangga: An agro-tourism park where visitors can learn about mango farming and enjoy various activities such as fruit picking, fishing, and horse riding.
    3. Mount Bromo: An active volcano located in the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, offering stunning views at sunrise.
    4. Madakaripura Waterfall: A magnificent waterfall located near Mount Bromo that is considered sacred by locals.
    5. Masjid Agung Probolinggo: A grand mosque with a unique architecture that combines traditional Javanese and Islamic styles.
    6. Red Church (Gereja Merah): A historic church built during Dutch colonial times that is now a popular tourist attraction.
    7. Probolinggo Botanical Garden (Kebun Raya Probolinggo): A large botanical garden featuring a wide variety of plants from Indonesia and around the world.
    8. Pasir Putih Beach: A beautiful white sand beach with crystal clear waters perfect for swimming or sunbathing.
    9. Puncak Gunung Butak Viewpoint: An observation point offering panoramic views over the city of Probolinggo and its surrounding mountains.
    10. Soekarno Monument (Tugu Soekarno): The monument dedicated to Indonesia’s first president, Soekarno who visited this city several times during his presidency period in 1960s-70s’.

    Sports Teams

    1. PSBI Blitar – This football club was established as Persatuan Sepak Bola Indonesia Blitar in 1948 but later changed its name to PSBI Blitar due to financial difficulties and moved to Probolinggo. The team currently competes in Liga 3, the third tier of Indonesian football.
    2. PBVSI Probolinggo – PBVSI is an Indonesian Volleyball Association that was formed on September 14th, 1994 by volleyball enthusiasts from Probolinggo.
    3. PSIP Ponorogo – This football club was founded as Persegi Sembilan Ponorogo (PSIP) on January 1st, 1956, and has strong support from fans in both Ponorogo and Probolinggo.
    4. PBSI Jawa Timur – The East Java chapter of this badminton association is based in Surabaya but has members from other cities like Probolinggo.
    5. KONI Kabupaten Probolinggo – KONI organizes various sports events at the district level for different age groups such as athletics, swimming, basketball etc.

    These are just a few examples of sports teams and their histories in Probolinggo; there are many more clubs catering to different sports and age groups within the city’s vibrant sporting community.

    Cultural Events

    1. Probolinggo City Tour – A guided tour of the city’s landmarks and historical sites.
    2. Red Island Beach – A beautiful beach with red sand and clear waters, perfect for swimming and surfing.
    3. Probolinggo Mangrove Forest – A peaceful nature reserve with a boardwalk for visitors to explore the mangrove ecosystem.
    4. Probolinggo Museum – A museum showcasing the history and culture of Probolinggo and East Java.
    5. Probolinggo Night Market – A bustling market with street food, souvenirs, and local products.
    6. Probolinggo Botanical Garden – A botanical garden with a variety of plants and flowers, including rare species.
    7. Probolinggo Cultural Center – A center for traditional arts and performances, showcasing the local culture.
    8. Probolinggo Food Festival – A celebration of the local cuisine, with food stalls and cooking demonstrations showcasing the unique flavors of Probolinggo.
    9. Mount Bromo Sunrise Tour – One of the most popular activities in the area, visitors can watch the sunrise over Mount Bromo from various viewpoints.
    10. Madakaripura Waterfall Tour – A scenic tour to one of East Java’s tallest waterfalls, located just a short drive from Probolinggo.


    • Rawon Setan – a famous beef soup dish served with rice and various condiments.
    • Sate Madura – grilled chicken or beef skewers marinated with sweet soy sauce and served with peanut sauce.
    • Nasi Goreng Kambing – fried rice cooked with goat meat, vegetables, and spices.
    • Warung Bu Kris – a chain restaurant that serves traditional Javanese dishes such as nasi campur (mixed rice), gado-gado (vegetable salad), and soto ayam (chicken soup).
    • RM Sinar Harapan – a local restaurant that serves Indonesian cuisine such as rendang (spicy beef stew) and tahu telur (fried tofu omelette).
    • Bakso Pak Gendut – a popular street food stall that sells meatball soup.
    • Es Teler 77 – a chain of dessert shops that serve refreshing fruit cocktails topped with coconut milk, condensed milk, and syrup.
    • Depot Bu Rudy – a seafood restaurant that offers fresh fish dishes cooked in various styles such as grilled, fried or steamed.
    • Ayam Penyet Bu Krisna – A small eatery specializing in crispy fried chicken served with spicy sambal sauce.
    • Depot Mie Ayam Pahlawan Trip Malang Probolinggo- Noodle shop serving delicious noodle soups like bakmi ayam jamur or mie godog jawa among others.

    • Parks and Recreation

      1. Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park is a popular destination for hiking, camping, and enjoying the scenic views of Mount Bromo.
      2. Taman Wisata Alam Mangrove is a nature reserve that features mangrove forests and boardwalks for birdwatching and eco-tourism activities.
      3. Pantai Bentar Beach is a beautiful beach with calm waters that are perfect for swimming and relaxing.
      4. Taman Kota Probolinggo is a city park with playgrounds, jogging tracks, and outdoor fitness equipment.
      5. Curug Cipendok Waterfall is a stunning waterfall located in the foothills of Mount Argopuro that offers hiking trails and picnic areas.
      6. Gunung Ijen Nature Reserve is an active volcano with turquoise sulfuric acid lake that attracts hikers and adventure seekers from around the world.
      7. Pasir Putih Beach Probolinggo is another beautiful beach with crystal clear water perfect for swimming or sunbathing.
      8. Air Terjun Madakaripura Waterfall is a breathtaking waterfall surrounded by lush greenery that requires some trekking to reach but it’s worth it once you get there!


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