Sfax, Tunisia

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Sfax, Tunisia

Region: Sfax

Geographic Coordinates: 34.740000, 10.760000
Temperature Range: 10.0°C to 35.0°C (50°F to 95°F)
Climate: Dry and hot summers, mild winters with occasional rainfall.
Population: 272801
Language: Arabic

Sfax is a bustling city located in the central-eastern part of Tunisia. It is the second-largest city in the country and serves as an important economic center due to its strategic location on the Mediterranean coast. The city has a rich history, Dating back to ancient times when it was known as Taparura. Today, Sfax is an important hub for trade and commerce, With industries ranging from textiles to fishing. One of the most notable features of Sfax is its historic medina, Which dates back over 1, 000 years.

The medina is enclosed by walls that were built by Arab conquerors in the 9th century and still stand today. Inside these walls, Visitors can explore narrow streets lined with traditional white-washed buildings adorned with colorful tiles and intricate carvings. Another must-see attraction in Sfax is the Dar Jellouli Museum of Popular Arts and Traditions. This museum showcases traditional Tunisian crafts such as pottery, Weaving, Embroidery, And jewelry-making. Visitors can also learn about local customs and traditions through displays of clothing, Household items, Musical instruments, And more.

For those interested in history or archaeology, Sfax offers several fascinating sites to explore. El Djem Amphitheater is one such site – it’s one of the largest Roman amphitheaters outside Italy! Other notable historical sites include Kerkouane (an ancient Punic city) and Thyna (a former Roman colony). Visitors looking for a taste of local culture should check out Souk el Jara – a bustling market where vendors sell everything from spices to clothing to souvenirs.

Another popular spot for locals (and tourists alike) is Avenue Habib Bourguiba – a lively pedestrian street lined with cafes where people gather to socialize over coffee or tea. – no visit to Sfax would be complete without sampling some local cuisine! Seafood dishes are particularly popular, As the city is located on the coast and has a thriving fishing industry. Harissa (a spicy chili paste) is another local specialty that can be found in many dishes. And of course, No meal is complete without a cup of mint tea.

Sfax is a vibrant city with something to offer for everyone. Whether you’re interested in history, Culture, Or just soaking up the local atmosphere – there’s plenty to see and do here!

Important Landmarks

  1. The Medina of Sfax: A UNESCO World Heritage Site that is home to historic buildings, traditional markets, and centuries-old mosques.
  2. Dar Jellouli Museum: A museum that showcases the history and culture of Sfax through its collection of art, artifacts, and exhibits.
  3. The Great Mosque of Sfax: One of the largest mosques in Tunisia that dates back to the 9th century.
  4. Bab Bhar (Sea Gate): An iconic landmark that marks the entrance to the Medina from the sea.
  5. Kasbah Museum: A museum located within a historic fortress that features exhibits on local history and culture.
  6. Thyna Archaeological Museum: A museum dedicated to showcasing artifacts from ancient civilizations that once inhabited Tunisia.
  7. Park El Menzah: A public park popular for picnics and outdoor activities with stunning views of the cityscape.
  8. Hedi Chaker Cultural Center: A cultural center which hosts various cultural events like music festivals, theatrical shows etc.

Primary Industries

  1. Textile industry: Sfax has a large number of textile factories that produce clothing, fabrics, and other textile products.
  2. Agriculture: The region surrounding Sfax is known for its fertile land and produces a variety of crops including olives, citrus fruits, and vegetables.
  3. Fishing industry: As a coastal city, Sfax has a significant fishing industry that exports seafood to markets around the world.
  4. Manufacturing: Sfax has a growing manufacturing sector that produces products ranging from building materials to consumer goods.
  5. Services sector: The city also has a thriving services sector with businesses ranging from banking and finance to healthcare and education.
  6. Tourism: With its rich history and cultural heritage, Sfax is becoming an increasingly popular tourist destination with many hotels, restaurants, and other tourism-related businesses opening up in recent years.

Noteable History

  1. The city was founded in the 9th century by the Aghlabid dynasty, which ruled over Ifriqiya (present-day Tunisia) from 800 to 909.
  2. During the Middle Ages, Sfax was an important center for trade and commerce in North Africa, thanks to its strategic location on the Mediterranean coast.
  3. In 1574, Sfax was captured by Ottoman forces under the command of Piyale Pasha. The Ottomans would go on to rule over Tunisia for several centuries.
  4. In the late 19th century, Sfax became a hub for nationalist movements seeking independence from French colonial rule.
  5. One of the most notable figures associated with Sfax is Habib Bourguiba who led Tunisia to independence in 1956 and served as its first president until 1987.
  6. Another prominent figure from Sfax is Moncef Marzouki who served as president of Tunisia from 2011 to 2014 after the ousting of longtime dictator Zine El Abidine Ben Ali during Arab Spring protests.
  7. In recent years, Sfax has become an important economic center in Tunisia due to its thriving textile industry and growing technology sector.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Sfax Archaeological Museum
  2. Dar Jellouli Museum
  3. Bab Bhar (Sea Gate)
  4. The Great Mosque of Sfax
  5. Kasbah of Sfax
  6. Medina of Sfax
  7. Ribat of Sousse
  8. Kerkennah Islands
  9. Sidi el-Lawzi Mausoleum

Sports Teams

  1. Sfax is renowned for its football (soccer) team, CS Sfaxien, which was established in 1928. The club has achieved numerous domestic and international titles, including the CAF Champions League twice.
  2. In basketball, Sfax boasts Club Sportif Sfaxien Basketball. Founded in 1950, this team has won several Tunisian championships.
  3. Moreover, there are handball teams such as Club Africain de Handball de Sfax and Étoile sportive du Sahel Handball that have gained recognition both domestically and internationally.
  4. AS Hammamet Volley-Ball is a volleyball team that was founded in 1962 but relocated to Hammamet from Sfax. They have earned several Tunisian championships.
  5. Overall, sports hold a significant place in the culture of Sfax with many clubs representing the city at various levels of competition both domestically and internationally.

Cultural Events

  1. International Festival of Sfax: This annual festival celebrates the cultural diversity of the city and features music, dance, theater performances, and art exhibitions.
  2. Sfax International Film Festival: This festival showcases films from around the world and includes workshops, conferences, and screenings.
  3. Sfax Book Fair: Held annually in April, this event brings together authors, publishers, and book lovers to celebrate literature.
  4. Eid al-Fitr: The end of Ramadan is celebrated with a three-day festival that includes feasting with family and friends.
  5. National Day of Martyrs: On April 9th each year Tunisia commemorates those who died during the struggle for independence from France in 1956.
  6. Independence Day: Celebrated on March 20th each year to commemorate Tunisia’s independence from France in 1956 with parades and fireworks displays.
  7. Mawlid al-Nabi: The birthday of Prophet Muhammad is celebrated by Muslims throughout Tunisia with religious ceremonies and festive gatherings.
  8. Sfax Olive Festival: Held annually in November or December this event celebrates the olive harvest season with food stalls selling olive-based products such as oil or soap along with traditional music performances.


  1. Brik à l’oeuf: a crispy pastry filled with egg, tuna, parsley, and harissa sauce.
  2. Couscous: a traditional Tunisian dish made of steamed semolina grains served with vegetables and meat.
  3. Mloukhia: a stew made of jute leaves cooked with garlic, coriander, and chicken or beef.
  4. Mechoui: slow-roasted lamb or goat served with couscous and vegetables.
  5. La Table du Baron: a fine dining restaurant serving Mediterranean cuisine with an emphasis on seafood.
  6. Dar Slah Restaurant: a traditional Tunisian restaurant serving authentic dishes like brik à l’oeuf and couscous.
  7. Le Petit Parisien: a French-inspired bistro serving crepes, salads, sandwiches, and pastries.
  8. Le Pirate Restaurant & Lounge Bar: a trendy waterfront restaurant serving fresh seafood dishes in an upscale atmosphere.
  9. El Fel El Mabrouka Restaurant: an affordable local eatery known for its delicious couscous dishes served in generous portions.
  10. Chez Amor Restaurant & Pizzeria: a casual Italian-style pizzeria offering wood-fired pizzas topped with fresh ingredients like prosciutto di Parma and mozzarella di bufala along with other Italian classics like pasta dishes and tiramisu for dessert!

Parks and Recreation

  1. Parc des Oliviers is a spacious park that offers walking paths, playgrounds, and picnic areas for visitors to enjoy.
  2. Parc Borj Ennar is a picturesque park that features a lake, gardens, and a small zoo for visitors to explore.
  3. Sfax Beach is a well-liked beach where tourists can swim and sunbathe.
  4. Golf Club de Sfax boasts an 18-hole golf course with stunning views of the surrounding countryside.
  5. La Corniche de Sfax is an extensive promenade along the coast that features many restaurants and cafes for visitors to dine in.
  6. Stade Taïeb Mhiri is a sports stadium that hosts football (soccer) matches as well as other events throughout the year.
  7. Club Nautique de Sfax provides sailing enthusiasts with the opportunity to rent boats or take sailing lessons while visiting Sfax.
  8. Musée Archéologique de Sfax showcases ancient Tunisian artifacts at its archaeological museum in town.
  9. Centre Culturel International de Sfax hosts concerts, exhibitions, and other cultural events throughout the year at its international cultural center in town.
  10. Medina of Sfax offers tourists an opportunity to explore its narrow streets, traditional architecture, and bustling markets within this UNESCO World Heritage Site of historic old town of Sfax known for centuries past trading activities in North Africa region.


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