Shihezi, China

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Shihezi, China

Region: Xinjiang

Geographic Coordinates: 44.305400, 86.080400
Temperature Range: -40.0°C to 40.0°C (-40°F to 104°F)
Climate: Cold and dry winters, hot and humid summers with frequent dust storms.
Population: 717000
Language: Mandarin

Shihezi is a city located in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China. It is situated in the northern part of the region and covers an area of 4600 square kilometers. The city has a population of approximately 630, 000 people, And it is known for its diverse culture, Rich history, And beautiful landscapes. One of the most significant features of Shihezi is its agricultural industry. The city is famous for producing high-quality cotton, Wheat, And other crops that are essential to China’s economy.

The Shihezi Agricultural Experimental Station was established in 1954 to research crop development techniques that would improve yields while using less water. In addition to agriculture, Shihezi has a thriving industrial sector that includes manufacturing and mining industries. The city’s strategic location near major transportation routes makes it an ideal hub for commerce between China and neighboring countries such as Kazakhstan. Shihezi also boasts several tourist attractions that showcase its natural beauty. One such attraction is Lake Hongyang Scenic Area which covers an area of over 200 square kilometers with crystal clear waters surrounded by lush greenery.

Visitors can enjoy boating on the lake or hiking on nearby trails. Another popular destination in Shihezi is the Gobi Desert where visitors can experience camel riding or sandboarding down towering dunes that stretch as far as the eye can see. The city also has many historical sites worth visiting including Jiaohe Ancient City which dates back over two thousand years ago during Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD). This ancient settlement was once a bustling trade center along Silk Road route connecting China with Central Asia.

no visit to Shihezi would be complete without trying some local cuisine such as roasted lamb skewers or traditional Uyghur dishes like plov (rice pilaf) or laghman (noodle soup). Overall, Shihezi offers visitors a unique blend of history, Culture, And natural beauty that makes it a must-visit destination in China.

Important Landmarks

  1. Shihezi University: This renowned university attracts students from all over the world.
  2. Red Army Memorial Hall: This museum is dedicated to the history of the Chinese Communist Party and its military forces.
  3. Shihezi International Grand Bazaar: Visitors can purchase souvenirs and local products at this large market.
  4. Hongliuhe Reservoir Scenic Area: This beautiful park features a reservoir, gardens, and scenic views.
  5. Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps Museum: This museum showcases the history of Xinjiang’s development under the leadership of the Production and Construction Corps.
  6. Tianshan Tianchi Lake Scenic Area: Known for its stunning natural scenery including mountains, lakes, forests, and waterfalls.
  7. The Great Wall of China (Jiayu Pass): An ancient wall built to protect against invasions from northern tribes that is now a popular tourist attraction in Shihezi.
  8. Yueliang Bay Ski Resort: Visitors can enjoy multiple ski slopes during winter months at this ski resort.
  9. Zhaosu County Grassland Nature Reserve: Home to many different species of animals such as wild horses and yaks on vast grasslands known for their beauty.
  10. Shihezi Desert Botanical Garden: A garden showcasing desert plants from around the world including cacti, succulents, etc.

Primary Industries

  1. Shihezi is a bustling industrial city in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China.
  2. Its economy thrives on various industries, including:
    1. Agriculture
      • The city has a reputation for producing high-quality cotton and wheat.
      • It boasts numerous farms and agricultural research centers that significantly contribute to the local economy.
    2. Manufacturing
      • The city has a well-developed manufacturing sector that spans textiles, machinery, electronics, chemicals and food processing.
      • Many factories are situated in the city’s industrial parks.
    3. Services
      • The service industry plays an essential role in Shihezi’s economy as with most Chinese cities.
      • It encompasses businesses like retail shops, restaurants, hotels healthcare facilities education institutions and financial institutions.
    4. Transportation
      • As an important transportation hub connecting Xinjiang with other parts of China via roadways,railways and airways,the transportation industry plays an integral part in Shihezi’s local economy.
    5. Construction
      • With rapid development taking place across the region,the construction industry has grown rapidly over recent years.
      • There are many construction companies operating within Shihezi which contribute significantly to its economic growth.
  3. In conclusion, the combination of agriculture, manufacturing, services, transportation, and construction makes up the major industries in Shihezi which have contributed to its rapid economic development over recent years.

Noteable History

  1. Shihezi is a city founded in 1954 as a military settlement in Xinjiang, China.
  2. One of the most significant events in Shihezi’s history was the establishment of the Shihezi Military and Civilian Integration Development Base.
  3. This initiative was created to develop Xinjiang’s economy and strengthen national defense.
  4. Since its inception, Shihezi has been recognized for its agricultural development, particularly as one of China’s largest cotton-producing areas.
  5. This success can be attributed to the city’s strategic location along the Belt and Road Initiative route.
  6. General Wang Zhen is considered one of the founding fathers of Shihezi due to his instrumental role in establishing it as a military settlement.
  7. Xie Xide – a famous Chinese scientist who contributed significantly to China’s space program – was born in Shihezi.
  8. Li Changchun served as Communist Party Secretary for Xinjiang from 1985-1993 and played an important role in developing the region’s economy.
  9. Yang Jingyu – a Chinese revolutionary leader who fought against Japanese occupation during World War II – was killed by Nationalist forces near what is now Shihezi City.
  10. Overall, while there may not be many historical events or people associated with Shihezi specifically, it remains an essential part of modern-day China through its agricultural production and strategic location along important transportation routes like BRI.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Shihezi Museum – showcasing the history and culture of Shihezi city.
  2. Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps History Museum – displaying the history of Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps (XPCC).
  3. Shihezi University Art Gallery – exhibiting contemporary art by local artists.
  4. The Great Wall of China in Dabancheng District – a section of the famous Great Wall that can be visited from Shihezi.
  5. Red Army Memorial Hall in Kashiwanqi Village – honoring the soldiers who fought during the Long March.
  6. Hongshan Park – a beautiful park with scenic views, gardens, and walking trails.
  7. Xinhua Square – a popular gathering spot for locals with fountains, sculptures, and shopping centers.
  8. Bole Grassland Scenic Area- located just outside Shihezi, it is known for its vast grasslands, horseback riding tours, and traditional Kazakh culture experiences.
  9. Shawan Ancient City- an archeological site that dates back to 2000 years ago.
  10. Tianchi Lake- A picturesque lake located in Tianshan Mountain range which is around 200 km from Shihezi city but worth visiting if you have time.

Cultural Events

  1. Shihezi International Poplar Festival celebrates the city’s famous tree, the poplar, with cultural performances, food stalls and a poplar-themed parade in September.
  2. Xinjiang International Agricultural Expo showcases the region’s agricultural products and technologies every August attracting visitors from all over China.
  3. Shihezi Spring Festival is celebrated during traditional Chinese New Year with fireworks, dragon dances, lantern displays and family gatherings.
  4. Shihezi Cultural Tourism Festival promotes local tourism attractions like Gobi Desert and Tianshan Mountains annually in October or November.
  5. Silk Road International Marathon takes place every May along the ancient Silk Road route through Xinjiang province.
  6. Ethnic Minority Folk Art Festival celebrates diverse cultures of Xinjiang’s ethnic minorities through music, dance performances, handicraft exhibitions and traditional food stalls held in July or August each year.
  7. China-Eurasia Expo is an international trade fair showcasing products from western regions of China as well as neighboring countries such as Kazakhstan and Russia held every September in Urumqi but attracts visitors from nearby cities like Shihezi too.
  8. National Day Celebrations on October 1st each year (China’s National Day) usually include parades and other patriotic events throughout the country including Shihezi to celebrate Chinese culture and history.


  • Xinjiang cuisine, which includes lamb skewers, naan bread, pilaf rice, and roasted whole lamb.
  • Kebab King is a famous restaurant that specializes in grilled meat dishes like kebabs and roasted lamb.
  • Shougang Restaurant serves traditional Chinese dishes as well as some Western-style food options.
  • Xiyue Seafood Restaurant specializes in seafood dishes like fish soup and grilled fish.
  • Yipin Hot Pot offers a variety of broths and ingredients for a personalized hot pot dining experience.
  • Muslim Food Street has several small restaurants serving halal food like noodles and dumplings near the university campus.
  • Hong Kong-style Tea House serves dim sum and other Cantonese-style dishes along with various teas to choose from.

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Shihezi National Forest Park is a vast park that boasts hiking trails, picnic areas, and breathtaking scenic views.
    2. Hongshan Park is a popular destination for walking, jogging, and picnicking with its stunning natural scenery.
    3. Shihezi People’s Park is a family-friendly park that offers playgrounds, gardens, and a lake for boating.
    4. The Sports Center of Shihezi University provides facilities for basketball, volleyball, badminton, tennis and other sports activities.
    5. The Indoor Swimming Pool of Shihezi City Sports Center is an indoor pool that swimming enthusiasts can enjoy year-round.
    6. Xinjiang Agricultural University Gymnasium has facilities for basketball games.
    7. Gaochang Ancient City Ruins are ancient city ruins where visitors can explore the rich history of the region.
    8. Tianshan Grand Canyon Scenic Area features hiking trails through stunning natural landscapes making it an ideal spot to take in the beauty of nature.


    Dream, Travel, Repeat.

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