Shizuishan, China

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Shizuishan, China

Region: Ningxia

Geographic Coordinates: 39.233300, 106.769000
Temperature Range: -30.0°C to 40.0°C (-22°F to 104°F)
Climate: Dry and arid climate with hot summers and cold winters.
Population: 136570
Language: Chinese

Shizuishan is a city located in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China. It covers an area of 5, 000 square kilometers and has a population of over 700, 000 people. The city is known for its cultural heritage, Natural beauty, And growing economy. The history of Shizuishan dates back to the Han Dynasty when it was established as a military fortress. It later became an important trading center along the Silk Road. Today, Visitors can still see remnants of this ancient trade route throughout the city.

Mount Helan National Nature Reserve is one of Shizuishan’s most notable attractions with stunning landscapes that include mountains, Valleys, And lakes. The reserve also houses several endangered species such as snow leopards and golden eagles. The Western Xia Imperial Tombs are another popular tourist destination located about 30 kilometers from downtown. These tombs were built during the Western Xia Dynasty for royalty and nobility members who ruled over this region at that time. Shizuishan’s abundance of mineral resources such as coal, Iron ore and petroleum have led to rapid development with new industries emerging including manufacturing plants for steel production.

The local government has invested heavily in infrastructure projects making transportation easier within the region both domestically and internationally. Overall Shizuishan offers visitors a unique blend of natural beauty, Historical significance and modern development making it a must-visit destination for anyone looking to explore China beyond its major cities while experiencing its rich culture and heritage.

Important Landmarks

  1. Helan Mountains: A range of mountains located on the border between Ningxia and Inner Mongolia.
  2. Western Xia Tombs: A complex of tombs built during the Western Xia dynasty (1038-1227).
  3. Shahu Lake Park: A scenic park featuring a large lake with boating and fishing facilities.
  4. Sand Lake Scenic Area: An area known for its sand dunes, lakes, and wetlands.
  5. Qingtongxia Yellow River Bridge: A cable-stayed bridge spanning the Yellow River.
  6. Xumi Shan Grottoes: A series of Buddhist grottoes carved into cliffs dating back to the Northern Wei dynasty (386-534).
  7. Ningxia Museum: A museum showcasing artifacts from Ningxia’s history and culture.
  8. Zhongwei Ancient City Wall: The remains of a Ming dynasty city wall that once surrounded Zhongwei city.
  9. Jingyuan County Hot Springs Resort: A resort featuring natural hot springs believed to have therapeutic properties.
  10. Yinchuan Haibao Pagoda: A pagoda located in Yinchuan city that is considered one of Ningxia’s most iconic landmarks.

Primary Industries

  1. Shizuishan is a city located in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China.
  2. The region’s economy is mainly based on coal mining, which is the primary industry.
  3. Additionally, there are various chemical manufacturing plants that produce fertilizers, plastics, and synthetic fibers.
  4. The city also has a large agricultural sector that cultivates crops such as wheat, corn, potatoes, and fruits.
  5. Moreover, Shizuishan has several companies producing construction materials such as cement and bricks.
  6. It is also home to tourist attractions like the Helanshan National Forest Park and Qingtongxia Reservoir Scenic Area.
  7. Retail trade plays a significant role in the city’s economy with many shops selling consumer goods throughout the region.
  8. Lastly, Shizuishan has an impressive transportation infrastructure with highways connecting it to other major cities in China.

Noteable History

  1. Shizuishan City was established in 1999 after being upgraded from a county-level city.
  2. The Yellow River has caused devastating floods throughout history, including in Shizuishan in 1938 which killed thousands of people and destroyed many buildings.
  3. Genghis Khan is believed to have passed through the area during his conquests in the 13th century.
  4. The Yinchuan-Xi’an Railway passes through Shizuishan and was completed in 1958, connecting northwestern China with central China.
  5. Sun Yat-sen visited Shizuishan during his revolutionary activities in the early 20th century.
  6. During the Warlord Era (1916-1928), several warlords controlled different parts of China including Ningxia Province where Shizuishan is located.
  7. Liang Qichao visited Shizuishan in 1903 on his way to Inner Mongolia and played an important role in modernizing China during the late Qing dynasty.
  8. Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was established with its capital located near Shizuishan in Yinchuan, in 1958.
  9. As part of its location along the Silk Road trade route that connected Asia with Europe between AD100-1450s CE, Shizhishian played an important role as a hub for commerce and cultural exchange between East and West over centuries.
  10. Shizuishan is located near the Great Wall of China, which was built during the Ming dynasty (1368-1644) to protect against northern invaders.

Museums and Things To See

  1. The Shizuishan Museum is a great place to learn about the history and culture of the city. It has exhibits on local industries, ancient artifacts, and traditional customs.
  2. The Yuhuang Pavilion is a historic monument that offers breathtaking views of the city and surrounding countryside. It was built to honor the Jade Emperor.
  3. The Shapotou Desert Research Center is located just outside of Shizuishan and provides visitors with an opportunity to learn about desert ecology and conservation efforts.
  4. The Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Museum in nearby Yinchuan features exhibits on the history and culture of the Hui ethnic minority group that makes up a significant portion of Ningxia’s population.
  5. The Helanshan Rock Art Cultural Landscape is a UNESCO World Heritage Site near Shizuishan that boasts thousands of ancient rock carvings dating back as far as 10,000 years ago.
  6. Visitors can enjoy boating, hiking, and other outdoor activities at Qingtongxia Reservoir Scenic Area, which features a large reservoir surrounded by mountains.
  7. Lantian Temple in Shizuishan’s urban center dates back to the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD) and is an important Buddhist temple in the area.
  8. Phoenix Square Park is a popular public park in downtown Shizuishan featuring gardens, sculptures, fountains, and walking paths for visitors to enjoy their time there without getting bored!

Cultural Events

  1. Shizuishan International Kite Festival: This festival is held every year during the Qingming Festival (Tomb Sweeping Day) and attracts kite enthusiasts from all over China.
  2. Shizuishan Lotus Festival: This festival celebrates the blooming of lotus flowers at Lake Hongshan in Shizuishan.
  3. Ningxia Wine Festival: As part of Ningxia province, which includes Shizuishan, this festival celebrates local wine production with tastings and cultural performances.
  4. Chinese New Year celebrations: Like all of China, residents of Shizuishan celebrate Chinese New Year with fireworks, dragon dances, and family gatherings.
  5. Lantern Festival: The 15th day of the first lunar month marks the end of Chinese New Year celebrations with a lantern festival featuring colorful displays and traditional foods.

Note that these are just a few examples based on previous years’ events; actual dates and details may vary depending on current conditions and local authorities’ decisions regarding public gatherings amid COVID-19 pandemic restrictions.


  • Shizuishan Roast Lamb: This is a famous dish in the city and can be found at many local restaurants.
  • Xiang La Xie (Spicy Crab): This is a spicy crab dish that is popular in the region.
  • Lanzhou Noodles: These are hand-pulled noodles that originated from Lanzhou, which is near Shizuishan.
  • Jiaozi (Dumplings): Dumplings are a staple food in China and can be found at many local restaurants.
  • Hong Kong-style Dim Sum: Many Chinese cities have their own version of dim sum, and Shizuishan is no exception.
  • Guoqiao Mixian (Crossing Bridge Rice Noodles): This Yunnan specialty has become increasingly popular throughout China, including in Shizuishan.
  • Local Snacks: There are many street vendors selling various snacks like fried rice balls, fried dough sticks, roasted sweet potatoes etc., which are quite popular among locals and tourists alike.

Some popular restaurants serving these dishes include:

  1. Huaiyang Restaurant
  2. Donglaishun Restaurant
  3. Wangji Beef Noodle Restaurant
  4. Haidilao Hot Pot Restaurant
  5. Chongqing Xiaomian Guan
  6. Shanxi Noodle Restaurant
  7. Hong Kong-style Dim Sum restaurant
  8. Yunnan Guoqiao Mixian restaurant
  9. Shizuishan Roast Lamb restaurant
  10. Xiang La Xie (Spicy Crab) restaurant

Parks and Recreation

  1. Shizuishan Forest Park is a vast expanse of greenery that boasts hiking trails, picnic areas, and breathtaking scenic views.
  2. The Shizuishan Sports Center is an impressive complex that features top-notch facilities for basketball, volleyball, soccer, tennis, and swimming.
  3. Lianhuashan Park is a serene oasis with lush gardens, tranquil lakes, and winding walking paths.
  4. The Shahu Lake Scenic Area offers visitors the chance to indulge in boating and fishing amidst picturesque surroundings.
  5. Xinhua Park may be small but it packs a punch with its playgrounds and verdant spaces perfect for picnics.
  6. Yinchuan Botanical Garden is a must-visit attraction that showcases the region’s unique flora and fauna in all their glory.
  7. Helanshan National Forest Park is a mountainous paradise with hiking trails that offer stunning panoramic views of the surrounding landscape.
  8. The Ningxia Museum of Natural History offers an educational experience where visitors can learn about the region’s natural history through interactive exhibits.
  9. The Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Museum provides fascinating insights into local history and culture through its extensive collection of exhibits.
  10. The Ningxia Winery Tour takes wine enthusiasts on an unforgettable journey through China’s finest wine country to sample some of the best wines produced in Ningxia province.


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