Siwān, India

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Siwān, India

Region: Bihar

Geographic Coordinates: 26.220000, 84.360000
Temperature Range: 20.0°C to 40.0°C (68°F to 104°F)
Climate: Seasonal.
Population: 135066
Language: Hindi

Siwān is a city located in the northern Indian state of Bihar. The city is situated on the banks of the Daha River and has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. Siwān was once an important center for trade and commerce, And its strategic location made it a hub for cultural exchange between different parts of India. One of the most fascinating aspects of Siwān is its architecture. The city has several beautiful temples, Mosques, And tombs that showcase different architectural styles from various periods in history.

The most famous among these structures are the Rajendra Chhatra Mahal, Which was built during the reign of King Rajendra Singh; and the Jama Masjid, Which was constructed by Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. Another interesting aspect of Siwān is its vibrant culture. The city has a rich tradition of music, Dance, And art that can be traced back to ancient times. One popular form of music in Siwān is Bhojpuri folk music, Which features traditional instruments like dholak (a type of drum) and harmonium (a keyboard-like instrument). Similarly, Dance forms like Jhumar and Bidesia are also very popular in this region.

Siwān’s cuisine is another highlight that draws visitors from all over India. The local food here reflects influences from neighboring states like Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal but also has unique flavors owing to local ingredients such as mustard oil or panch phoran (a spice blend). Some popular dishes include litti chokha (roasted wheat balls with mashed potatoes), Sattu ka paratha (flatbread stuffed with roasted gram flour), And mutton curry. Apart from its cultural richness, Siwan also offers plenty for nature lovers who want to explore Bihar’s natural beauty.

There are several parks within or near the city limits where visitors can enjoy walks amidst lush greenery. The nearby Daha River is also a popular spot for fishing and boating. Overall, Siwān is a city that offers something for everyone. Whether you are interested in history, Culture, Or nature, This vibrant city has it all. With its rich heritage and warm hospitality, Siwan is definitely worth a visit if you are planning to explore Bihar or northern India in general.

Important Landmarks

  1. Hajipur Temple: It is a popular Hindu temple located in the heart of Siwan.
  2. Manjhi Park: A beautiful park with greenery all around, it is an ideal place for nature lovers.
  3. Bari Dargah: One of the most important Muslim shrines in Siwan, it attracts thousands of devotees every year.
  4. Maharajganj Wildlife Sanctuary: A protected area with diverse flora and fauna, it is a must-visit destination for wildlife enthusiasts.
  5. Chirand Archaeological Site: An ancient archaeological site dating back to 700 BC, it offers an insight into the rich cultural heritage of Siwan.
  6. Shiva Temple at Barharia Village: A popular temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, it is known for its intricate carvings and architecture.
  7. Kadam Rasool Mosque: Another important Muslim shrine in Siwan, it is believed to have been built by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.
  8. Mahavir Mandir at Hasanpura Village: A renowned Jain temple known for its beautiful architecture and peaceful surroundings.
  9. Khwaja Bande Nawaz Dargah at Basantpur Village: An important Sufi shrine that attracts devotees from all over India and abroad.
  10. Gauri Shankar Mandir at Barharia Village: A famous Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, it is known for its stunning architecture and intricate carvings on the walls.

Primary Industries

  • The major industries and businesses in Siwan, India are:
    1. Agriculture
    2. Textile manufacturing
    3. Small-scale industries such as brick kilns and rice mills
    4. Retail businesses
  • The district is known for its production of:
    1. Paddy rice
    2. Wheat
    3. Sugarcane
    4. Vegetables
  • It also has a growing handloom industry producing sarees and other textiles.
  • Additionally, there are several government offices and educational institutions in the district that provide employment opportunities.

  • Noteable History

    1. The Battle of Siwān in 1763 saw the British East India Company emerge victorious against the combined forces of the Nawab of Bengal and the Mughal Empire.
    2. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, a prominent Indian nationalist leader and scholar, spent much of his childhood in Siwān before becoming India’s first Minister of Education.
    3. Sher Shah Suri, a medieval Indian ruler, is credited with building many roads and infrastructure projects across northern India including a major road that passed through Siwān.
    4. Jagjivan Ram, a prominent Dalit leader and politician who served as Deputy Prime Minister under Indira Gandhi was born in Chandwa village near Siwān.
    5. Raja Harsukh Rai was a wealthy landowner during the late 19th century known for his philanthropy and support for education in Siwān.
    6. Dr Rajendra Prasad, born near Siwān, went on to become one of the most important figures in modern Indian history as India’s first President after gaining independence from British rule.
    7. Veer Kunwar Singh played an important role during the Indian Rebellion of 1857 as an Indian freedom fighter hailing from Jagdishpur near Siwan.
    8. The Sheikhpura massacre occurred in 1986 when police opened fire on unarmed protesters demanding reservation quotas resulting in at least 21 deaths including women & children.

    Museums and Things To See

    1. Shri Harihar Nath Temple
    2. Tomb of Sheikh Sadik Afzal
    3. Siwan Museum
    4. Manjhi Park and Zoo
    5. Durga Mandir
    6. Siwan Fort (Raja Kalyan Singh’s Fort)
    7. Bari Dargah Sharif
    8. Maharaja Harendra Kishore Public Library
    9. Janki Mandir
    10. Gauri Shankar Temple

    Sports Teams

    1. After conducting research, I couldn’t find any notable sports teams or their histories in Siwān, India.
    2. However, cricket is the most popular sport in India and is played across the country.
    3. There might be local cricket teams in Siwān that participate in tournaments and matches.

    Cultural Events

    1. Chhath Puja is the most significant festival in Siwan, celebrated with great enthusiasm and devotion. It is a four-day-long festival dedicated to the Sun God.
    2. Holi, the festival of colors, is celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm in Siwan. People smear each other with colors, dance to music, and enjoy delicious food.
    3. Muharram is a significant Islamic festival that commemorates the martyrdom of Imam Hussain, grandson of Prophet Muhammad.
    4. Durga Puja celebrates the victory of Goddess Durga over evil forces in Hinduism. It is celebrated for ten days with great pomp and show.
    5. Diwali, the Festival of Lights, is one of India’s most popular festivals and also widely celebrated in Siwan as well. People light up their homes with diyas (oil lamps), burst firecrackers, exchange sweets and celebrate together.
    6. Makar Sankranti marks the beginning of longer days after winter solstice when Sun enters Capricorn (Makar Rashi). People fly kites on this day to celebrate new beginnings during this harvest festival.
    7. Eid al-Fitr & Eid al-Adha are two major Islamic festivals that Muslims in Siwan also celebrate by offering prayers at mosques followed by feasting at home or community gatherings.
    8. Bihar Diwas is celebrated on March 22nd every year marking Bihar’s statehood day since it was carved out from Bengal Presidency in 1912.


    • Litti Chokha – a traditional dish made of roasted wheat balls filled with sattu (gram flour) and served with mashed potatoes, tomato chutney, and pickle.
    • Mutton Curry – a spicy curry made with tender mutton pieces and aromatic spices.
    • Samosa Chaat – a popular street food snack made of crispy samosas topped with chutneys, yogurt, and spices.
    • Bihari Chicken Masala – a flavorful chicken curry cooked in mustard oil and Bihari spices.
    • Chana Ghugni – a savory dish made of boiled chickpeas cooked in onion-tomato gravy and served with puri or paratha.

    Some popular restaurants to try these dishes in Siwān are:

    1. Sagar Ratna Restaurant
    2. Food Junction
    3. Hotel Shubhankar
    4. Hotel Raj Darbar
    5. Kaveri Restaurant

    Parks and Recreation

    1. Siwan Bird Sanctuary
    2. Siwan Kali Mandir Park
    3. Ganga River Bank Park
    4. Ram Janki Temple Park
    5. Mahendra Nath Temple Park
    6. Siwan Golf Course and Club
    7. Indira Gandhi Stadium
    8. Bhitauli Lake
    9. Siwan Sports Complex
    10. Jogging and Cycling Tracks in the city park


    Leave Footprints In The Sand.

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