Sonpur, India

Reading Time: 7 minutes

Sonpur, India

Region: Bihar


Geographic Coordinates: 25.700000, 85.180000
Temperature Range: 15.0°C to 35.0°C (59°F to 95°F)
Climate: Sonpur experiences a subtropical climate with hot summers and cool winters, and receives most of its rainfall during the monsoon season from June to September.
Population: 288102
Language: Hindi

Sonpur is a small town situated in the Saran district of Bihar, India. It’s located on the banks of River Gandak, Also known as Narayani in Nepal. The town is famous for its annual cattle fair, Which attracts thousands of visitors from all over India and abroad. The Sonepur Mela or Cattle Fair is one of the largest fairs in Asia and has been held here for over 100 years. It starts on Kartik Poornima (the full moon day) in November and lasts for about a month. The fair offers a unique blend of trade, Commerce, Entertainment and religious activities.

People come here to buy and sell animals like elephants, Horses, Camels, Cows, Buffaloes etc., As well as other goods like handicrafts, Clothes and household items. Apart from trading activities at the fairground during daytime hours; cultural programs are also organized every evening which includes folk dances & music performances by artists from different parts of India. The town has an ancient temple dedicated to Lord Shiva called Harihar Nath Temple built during Gupta Dynasty period (320-550 AD).

Legend has it that Lord Rama visited this place during his exile period with Sita & Lakshman while they were on their way to Janakpuri where he met King Janak’s daughter Sita who eventually became his wife. Another attraction near Sonpur town is Gandhi Setu – one of the longest river bridges in Asia spanning across River Ganges connecting Patna with Hajipur city. The bridge offers breathtaking views especially during sunrise & sunset times when sky changes its colors creating beautiful hues reflecting over water surface below. Sonpur can be easily reached by road or rail transportation system.

The nearest airport is Patna Airport located around 50 km away from Sonpur town making it an ideal destination for tourists visiting Bihar.’



Important Landmarks

  1. Sonepur Cattle Fair: This is the largest cattle fair in Asia, held annually in November-December.
  2. Harihar Nath Temple: This ancient Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva is located on a hilltop and offers breathtaking views of the surrounding area.
  3. Gandhi Setu: This iconic bridge over the River Ganges connects Patna to Hajipur and is one of the longest river bridges in India.
  4. Vaishali Stupa: This ancient Buddhist stupa is believed to be the site where Lord Buddha delivered his last sermon before attaining Nirvana.
  5. Ramchaura Mandir: This historic temple dedicated to Lord Rama was built during the Mughal era and has beautiful architecture.
  6. Patna Museum: Located in nearby Patna, this museum houses a vast collection of artifacts from Bihar’s rich history and culture.
  7. Mahavir Mandir: This popular Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Hanuman attracts thousands of devotees every day.
  8. Maner Sharif Dargah: Located near Sonpur, this Sufi shrine is believed to have been built by Mughal Emperor Akbar’s son-in-law Mirza Ghiyas Beg for his spiritual teacher Sheikh Yahya Maneri.
  9. Nalanda University Ruins: These ruins are all that remain of one of the world’s oldest universities, which was founded in 427 AD and attracted scholars from all over Asia.
  10. Patliputra Karuna Stupa: This newly constructed stupa has become an attraction for visitors due its unique design and peaceful environment.

Primary Industries

  1. Sonpur is a small town located in the Saran district of Bihar, India.
  2. The town has several major industries and businesses that contribute to its economy.
  3. Agriculture is the primary industry in Sonpur with a significant portion of the population engaged in farming and related activities.
  4. Sonpur is known for its traditional handicrafts such as pottery, weaving, and embroidery.
  5. Animal husbandry plays an important role in Sonpur’s economy as it hosts one of the largest cattle fairs in Asia. This fair attracts thousands of traders and buyers from across India.
  6. Retail trade is thriving in Sonpur with several markets where local merchants sell goods ranging from food items to clothing and electronics.
  7. Transportation infrastructure is well-developed as it has a railway station connecting it to major cities like Patna, Kolkata, and Delhi.
  8. Education services are available with several schools and colleges providing education to students from nearby areas.
  9. Sonpur’s famous Sonepur Mela or Cattle Fair attracts tourists from all over India as well as foreign countries every year contributing significantly to tourism industry.
  10. Healthcare services are also available with several hospitals and clinics providing healthcare services to people living around Sonpur.

Noteable History

  1. Sonepur Mela is held annually in November and December, and it is considered to be Asia’s largest cattle fair. It is one of the most famous events associated with Sonpur.
  2. Sonpur has a rich history dating back to the Mauryan period when Emperor Ashoka ruled over India. It is believed that he built several temples in the area.
  3. According to Hindu mythology, Sonpur was one of the places where Lord Krishna and his brother Balarama visited during their pilgrimage.
  4. Sonpur celebrates Chhath Puja on the banks of River Gandak.
  5. Dr Rajendra Prasad, India’s first President, was born in Ziradei village near Sonpur.
  6. Gautam Buddha may have passed through Sonpur during his lifetime as he visited nearby Vaishali.
  7. The tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh Ji, visited a gurudwara in Dighwara near Sonapur during his travels through India.
  8. During the 1970s and 1980s, Bihar Movement led by Jayaprakash Narayan had significant support from people in this region including those from nearby villages such as Koilwar and Hajipur who participated actively in protests against corruption and political oppression.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Harihar Nath Temple is a popular Hindu temple located on the banks of the Gandak River.
  2. The Sonepur Cattle Fair is Asia’s largest cattle fair held annually in November.
  3. Mahavir Mandir is a famous Jain temple known for its intricate architecture and religious significance.
  4. Patna Museum features artifacts and exhibits from Bihar’s rich history and culture.
  5. Buddha Smriti Park is a peaceful park dedicated to Lord Buddha, featuring gardens, meditation areas, and an impressive stupa.
  6. Golghar is an iconic monument built in 1786 as a granary during British rule in India.
  7. Nalanda University Archaeological Site was an ancient university founded in the 5th century AD that was once one of the world’s greatest centers of learning.
  8. Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan (Patna Zoo) is a zoo with over 800 animals including rare species like white tigers, lions, jaguars etc.
  9. Mahatma Gandhi Setu is a bridge that connects Patna to Hajipur across river Ganges.
  10. Bodh Gaya- One of the most important Buddhist pilgrimage sites where Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment under Bodhi tree


Sports Teams

  1. After conducting research on the history of sports in Sonpur, India, it appears that there is a strong tradition of horse racing and bullock cart races in the region.
  2. The Sonepur Cattle Fair, which takes place annually in November/December, is a major event that features these types of races as well as other traditional sports such as wrestling and kabaddi.
  3. Additionally, there are local cricket and football teams that participate in tournaments throughout the year.


Cultural Events

  1. Sonepur Mela is a significant festival in Sonpur, also known as the Sonepur Cattle Fair. It attracts thousands of visitors from all over India and takes place annually in November.
  2. Chhath Puja is a four-day festival that celebrates the Sun God and occurs in October or November every year. It involves fasting, offering prayers to the Sun God at sunrise and sunset, and taking a dip in the river.
  3. Holi is an annual festival of colors celebrated in March to commemorate good’s victory over evil. People throw colored powder at each other, dance, sing, and enjoy traditional sweets.
  4. Diwali is another famous five-day festival that celebrates light over darkness and occurs in October or November every year. People light diyas (oil lamps), decorate their homes with lights, exchange gifts with family members and friends, and enjoy traditional sweets.
  5. Durga Puja lasts ten days during Navratri (nine nights) to celebrate Goddess Durga’s victory over evil demons Mahishasura; it involves setting up pandals where people worship Goddess Durga’s idol with flowers, fruits & sweets followed by cultural programs like music & dance performances.
  6. Makar Sankranti falls on 14th January every year to mark the end of winter solstice & beginning of longer days; it involves flying kites during daylight hours & enjoying traditional delicacies made from sesame seeds & jaggery.
  7. Teej Festival is a three-day-long monsoon festival for women celebrated around July-August includes fasting for marital bliss & prosperity along with performing folk dances wearing colorful attire.
  8. Raksha Bandhan – The popular Hindu sibling bonding event celebrated around August-September when sisters tie rakhi (sacred thread) on their brother’s wrist for their long life & happiness while brothers promise to protect them from all evils.
  9. Bihula-Bishari Puja is a unique folk festival celebrated in the month of August-September in honor of Goddess Mansa Devi, who is believed to protect people from snakebites. People worship snakes and offer milk & sweets at temples.
  10. Eid-ul-Fitr – A Muslim festival celebrated after the end of Ramadan fasting around May-June every year with a grand feast, prayers at mosques and exchanging gifts among friends & family members.

Cuisine

  • Litti Chokha – A traditional dish of Bihar made with wheat flour and stuffed with sattu (roasted gram flour) and served with mashed potatoes and brinjal.
  • Dal Puri – A deep-fried bread made of wheat flour served with spicy dal.
  • Samosa Chaat – A popular street food made of crispy samosas topped with chutney, yogurt, onions, tomatoes, and spices.
  • Bihari Thali – A complete meal consisting of rice, dal fry (lentil soup), aloo bharta (mashed potato), chana masala (chickpeas curry), papadum (crispy flatbread), salad and sweet dish.
  • Baba Dhaba – A famous restaurant in Sonpur known for its vegetarian thalis and North Indian dishes like paneer tikka masala and butter naan.
  • Hotel Shyama Regency – Another popular restaurant serving local Bihari cuisine like litti chokha along with Chinese dishes.
  • Punjab Sweets House – Known for its sweets like rasgulla, gulab jamun along with chaats like pani puri and dahi bhalla.
  • The Royal Cafe & Restaurant – Famous for its non-vegetarian dishes like chicken tikka masala, mutton biryani along with veg options like paneer butter masala.
  • The Spice Route Restaurant & Bar: Offering a fine dining experience serving Indian as well as international cuisines including Thai curries to Italian pasta dishes.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Gandhi Maidan: It is a popular park located in the heart of the city and is known for its lush green lawns, jogging tracks, and children’s play area.
  2. Sonpur Mela: This annual fair attracts thousands of visitors from across the country and offers a range of activities such as rides, games, food stalls, and cultural performances.
  3. Kali Mandir Park: This park is famous for its beautiful temple dedicated to Goddess Kali. It also has a large playground for children.
  4. Shri Krishna Janmasthan Temple: This temple is believed to be the birthplace of Lord Krishna and attracts devotees from all over India.
  5. Sonepur Wildlife Sanctuary: It is a nature reserve that houses several species of animals such as tigers, elephants, deer, crocodiles etc., making it an ideal place for wildlife enthusiasts.
  6. Ram Rekha Ghat: Located on the banks of River Ganges this ghat offers stunning views of the river during sunrise and sunset. It also hosts several religious ceremonies throughout the year.
  7. Bihariji Temple: This ancient temple dedicated to Lord Bihariji is one of the most visited temples in Sonpur with its unique architecture and intricate carvings on walls attracting tourists from far off places.

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