Tanga, Tanzania

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Tanga, Tanzania

Region: Tanga

Geographic Coordinates: -5.066700, 39.100000
Temperature Range: 20.0°C to 35.0°C (68°F to 95°F)
Climate: Tropical climate with rainy seasons from March to May and October to December.
Population: 243580
Language: Swahili

Tanga is a coastal city located in the northeastern part of Tanzania, Bordering the Indian Ocean. It is the capital of Tanga Region and one of the largest cities in Tanzania. The city has a rich history dating back to the 19th century when it was an important trading post for Arab and Swahili traders who traded ivory, Slaves, And spices. Today, Tanga is known for its beautiful beaches, Historical landmarks, And cultural attractions. One of its most popular attractions is Amboni Caves which are believed to be over 150 million years old.

The caves are made up of a network of underground tunnels that stretch over several kilometers. Visitors can explore these caves with a guide who will take them through narrow passages and show them various rock formations. Another popular attraction in Tanga is Saadani National Park which covers an area of 1, 100 square kilometers and encompasses both land and sea areas. Visitors can enjoy game drives where they can spot elephants, Lions, Buffaloes among other animals or go on boat safaris where they can see dolphins swimming along with humpback whales during their migration period from July to September.

Tanga also has some beautiful beaches such as Pangani Beach which stretches for miles along the coastlines offering visitors pristine white sand beaches lined with palm trees overlooking turquoise blue waters perfect for swimming or sunbathing. The city also boasts some impressive architectural structures such as Tongoni Ruins which date back to the 14th century when it was occupied by Shirazi people who were traders from Persia (Iran). These ruins consist mainly of mosques made out coral stones that have been preserved over time.

In addition to its natural beauty and historical landmarks, Tanga also offers visitors an opportunity to experience local culture through various festivals held throughout the year such as Mwaka Kogwa festival celebrated every July by Zanzibar’s Shirazi community living in Tanga region. During this festival, Locals dress in traditional attire and engage in various cultural activities such as singing, Dancing, And drumming. Tanga is a city that offers visitors a unique blend of natural beauty, Historical landmarks, And cultural attractions.

Its pristine beaches, Impressive architectural structures such as Amboni caves and Tongoni ruins make it an ideal destination for tourists seeking to explore Tanzania’s rich history while its wildlife parks such as Saadani National Park provide opportunities for game drives and boat safaris where visitors can see elephants or humpback whales during their migration period from July to September. With so much to offer visitors, Tanga is definitely worth a visit!

Important Landmarks

  1. Amboni Caves
  2. Toten Island
  3. Tanga Beach Resort and Hotel
  4. Mwarongo Market
  5. Saadani National Park
  6. Amani Nature Reserve
  7. Tongoni Ruins
  8. Pangani River Cruise
  9. Usambara Mountains
  10. Pemba Island Ferry Terminal

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture: Tanga is known for its fertile land and is a major producer of crops such as sisal, cashew nuts, coconuts, cloves, and citrus fruits.
  2. Fishing: The city has a large fishing industry due to its location on the Indian Ocean.
  3. Mining: There are several mines in the region that produce minerals such as graphite and limestone.
  4. Manufacturing: Tanga has a small manufacturing sector that produces products like textiles, cement, and paper.
  5. Tourism: The city has several tourist attractions including beaches, national parks, historical sites like Amboni Caves and Tongoni Ruins.
  6. Transportation: Tanga is an important transportation hub with a port that serves as an entry point for goods into Tanzania from other countries in East Africa.
  7. Service industry: There are various service industries present in the city such as banking services and telecommunication services.

Noteable History

  1. German East Africa: Tanga was a major port city during the German colonial era in East Africa. It was an important center of trade and commerce for the Germans.
  2. World War I: Tanga was also the site of a major battle between British and German forces during World War I. The battle took place in November 1914 and resulted in a German victory.
  3. Julius Nyerere: Tanzania’s first president, Julius Nyerere, lived in Tanga for several years during his early political career.
  4. Sokoine University of Agriculture: One of Tanzania’s leading universities, Sokoine University of Agriculture is located in Tanga.
  5. Mkwawa Museum: Dedicated to Chief Mkwawa who led resistance against German colonial rule in Tanzania, the Mkwawa Museum is located about 60 kilometers from Tanga city center in Kalenga.
  6. Amani Nature Reserve: Home to a variety of plant and animal species endemic to the Eastern Arc Mountains, Amani Nature Reserve is located near Tanga.
  7. Askari Monument: The Askari Monument commemorates African soldiers who fought for Germany during World War I.
  8. Pangani River Delta: An important wetland area that supports a variety of bird species and other wildlife near Tanga is Pangani River Delta.
  9. Mohammed Dewji: Tanzanian businessman Mohammed Dewji known as Africa’s youngest billionaire was kidnapped outside his hotel gym on October 11th, 2018, in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania but he escaped after nine days.
  10. Tanganyika Groundnut Scheme: The Tanganyika Groundnut Scheme (1946–1951) was a failed attempt by the British government to cultivate peanuts (groundnuts) on more than 3,000 square miles (7,800 km2) of land in the south of Tanganyika (present-day Tanzania).

Museums and Things To See

  1. Amboni Caves – a network of limestone caves with impressive formations and underground streams.
  2. Tanga City Museum – a museum showcasing the history and culture of the Tanga region.
  3. Toten Island – an uninhabited island with beautiful beaches and coral reefs for snorkeling and diving.
  4. Mkomazi National Park – a wildlife reserve with rare species such as African wild dogs, black rhinos, and cheetahs.
  5. Saadani National Park – a coastal national park where visitors can see elephants, lions, giraffes, hippos, and crocodiles while enjoying beach activities like swimming or surfing.
  6. Old Boma building – a historic building that served as the colonial administration headquarters during German rule in Tanzania
  7. Pangani River Delta – a scenic river delta where visitors can take boat rides to see mangrove forests teeming with birdlife.
  8. Tongoni Ruins – ancient ruins dating back to the 15th century featuring Swahili architecture and artifacts from Arab traders who once lived there.

Cultural Events

  1. Mwaka Kogwa Festival is a traditional celebration of the Shirazi people in Tanga, marking the beginning of the Persian New Year.
  2. Tanga International Dance Festival is an annual event that brings together dancers from different parts of Tanzania and other countries to showcase their talents.
  3. Eid al-Fitr is a Muslim holiday celebrated at the end of Ramadan, which marks the end of fasting.
  4. Nane Nane Agricultural Fair is held annually on August 8th and showcases agricultural products and services from different regions in Tanzania.
  5. Karibu Travel and Tourism Fair attracts tourism stakeholders from across East Africa to showcase their products and services in Tanga.
  6. Kiliman Adventure Challenge is a yearly event that involves hiking up Mount Kilimanjaro to raise funds for charity organizations in Tanzania.
  7. Sauti za Busara Music Festival is held annually on Zanzibar Island but attracts many visitors from Tanga as well; this festival showcases African music performances with various artists participating from all over Africa.
  8. Bagamoyo Arts Festival is an annual cultural festival held in Bagamoyo town near Tanga showcasing traditional dances, music performances as well as visual arts exhibitions.


  • Swahili Cuisine- a mix of African, Indian, and Arabic flavors with dishes such as pilau rice, biryani, chapati bread, and samosas.
  • Muhimbili Restaurant- known for its delicious seafood dishes such as grilled prawns and fish.
  • The Tanga Beach Resort- offers a variety of international cuisines including Italian pizza and pasta dishes.
  • Kijiji Beach Resort- serves traditional Tanzanian food like ugali (maize porridge) with meat or fish stew.
  • Bora Bora Restaurant & Bar- has a wide selection of grilled meats including beef, chicken, and goat served with traditional sides like plantains or cassava.
  • The Lounge at Mkonge Hotel- offers both local Swahili cuisine as well as international options in a relaxed atmosphere overlooking the ocean.
  • Nafasi Art Space Cafe-serves vegetarian-friendly meals inspired by Tanzanian ingredients that are locally sourced when possible.

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Mkomazi National Park is a wildlife reserve that boasts various species of animals and plants.
    2. Amboni Caves comprise a network of underground caves that are open for exploration.
    3. Toten Island is an island that offers bird watching, fishing, and camping opportunities.
    4. Tanga Beach Resort is a beachfront resort with water sports activities such as snorkeling and diving available to guests.
    5. Sigi River Forest Reserve is a forest reserve where visitors can enjoy hiking, bird watching, and nature walks.
    6. Saadani National Park provides beach access along with opportunities to see wildlife in their natural habitat.
    7. Pangani River Cruise offers visitors the chance to enjoy a scenic boat ride along the Pangani River.
    8. Amani Nature Reserve is an eco-tourism site that features hiking trails through the rainforest for visitors to explore.
    9. Tongoni Ruins are ancient ruins located near the river which are believed to be from the 15th century.
    10. Magoroto Forest Estate caters to outdoor enthusiasts who love camping, hiking or mountain biking as it has beautiful scenery of waterfalls, lakes and rivers which can be explored by foot or bike rides during safaris in Tanzania’s countryside.


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