Wuhai, China

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Wuhai, China

Region: Inner Mongolia

Geographic Coordinates: 39.684400, 106.816000
Temperature Range: -30.0°C to 35.0°C (-22°F to 95°F)
Climate: Cold and dry winters, warm and humid summers in Wuhai, China.
Population: 532902
Language: Mandarin

Wuhai is a city in Inner Mongolia, China that boasts a distinct geography with sand dunes and grasslands surrounding it. The city’s population exceeds 500, 000 people and covers an area of 1, 754 square kilometers. The name Wuhai means five lakes in Chinese, Which refers to the five interconnected lakes within the city limits. These lakes are popular tourist attractions that offer activities such as boating and fishing. The largest lake, Haibowan Reservoir, Is also used for irrigation purposes. One of Wuhai’s most notable landmarks is its coal mining industry.

The city has several coal mines that produce high-quality anthracite coal used for heating and industrial purposes both domestically and abroad. Coal mining has been a significant economic driver for Wuhai since the 1950s. In recent years, Wuhai has become an important transportation hub in Inner Mongolia thanks to its two airports (one domestic and one international) as well as several highways connecting it to other major cities in China. Wuhai’s cultural heritage can be seen through its many temples and historic sites.

Xishan Temple is the most famous temple built during the Tang Dynasty (618-907) containing ancient Buddhist scriptures dating back to that time period. Another popular attraction in Wuhai is Tengger Desert National Park featuring towering sand dunes stretching far into the distance making it an ideal destination for adventure seekers or nature enthusiasts alike. Overall, Visitors can enjoy a unique combination of natural beauty, Cultural heritage, Industrial prowess alongside modern infrastructure set against stunning landscapes making Wuhai truly one-of-a-kind among China’s many cities.

Important Landmarks

  1. Haibowan Scenic Area
  2. Wuhai Desert Park
  3. Wuhai Swan Lake National Urban Wetland Park
  4. Daqing Mountain National Forest Park
  5. Wuhai Waterfront Park
  6. Xilamuren Grassland
  7. Genghis Khan Mausoleum
  8. Wucaiwan Wetland Nature Reserve
  9. Inner Mongolia Museum of Natural History – Wuhai Branch

Primary Industries

  1. The city of Wuhai, China boasts a variety of thriving industries and businesses.
  2. These include:
    • Coal mining
    • Chemical manufacturing
    • Power generation
    • Metallurgy
    • Machinery manufacturing
    • Food processing
    • Tourism
  3. One of the city’s main claims to fame is its abundant coal reserves which have led to the establishment of several large-scale coal mines.
  4. In addition to coal mining, Wuhai is also home to numerous chemical plants that produce fertilizers and other industrial chemicals.
  5. The city has a well-developed thermal power industry with several thermal power plants that generate electricity for the region.
  6. Wuhai’s metallurgical industry is another significant sector that produces iron and steel products as well as non-ferrous metals like aluminum.
  7. Machinery manufacturing is also an essential part of the local economy with companies producing equipment for use in both mining and energy industries.
  8. Finally, Wuhai has a growing tourism industry with various attractions such as the Yellow River Wetland Park and Daqing Mountain Scenic Area drawing visitors from all over China and beyond.

Noteable History

  1. The construction of the Wuhai Power Plant during the 1950s had a significant impact on the development of the region.
  2. In 1969, Mao Zedong ordered Wuhai to be established as a new city to support industrialization efforts in Inner Mongolia.
  3. Li Peng, who served as Prime Minister of China from 1987 to 1998, was born in Wuhai in 1928.
  4. During World War II, Wuhai played an important role as part of Chinese resistance against Japanese occupation forces.
  5. Recently, Wuhai has gained recognition for its efforts towards promoting sustainable development and environmental protection through initiatives like wind power generation and ecological restoration projects.
  6. The Mongolian ethnic group holds a significant presence in Wuhai and has contributed to its cultural heritage through traditional music and dance performances.
  7. Notable landmarks include Xilamuren Grassland (a popular tourist destination), Haibowan District (known for its scenic beauty), and Dazhao Temple (a historic Buddhist temple).

Museums and Things To See

  1. Wuhai Museum
  2. Wuhai Yellow River Scenic Area
  3. Wuhai Folk Culture Village
  4. Tengger Desert Ecological Tourist Zone
  5. Xilamuren Grassland Scenic Area
  6. Genghis Khan Mausoleum
  7. Hetao Irrigation System Site Park
  8. Xintian Temple
  9. Wuhai Wetland Park
  10. Yulin Grottoes

Cultural Events

  1. Wuhai International Desert Festival: This festival showcases the unique desert culture of Wuhai and features activities such as camel racing, sandboarding, and cultural performances.
  2. Wuhai Lotus Festival: Held in July each year, this festival celebrates the blooming of lotus flowers in Wuhai’s wetlands. Visitors can enjoy boat rides through the lotus fields and try local delicacies made with lotus seeds.
  3. Inner Mongolia Ethnic Minority Culture Week: This annual event showcases the diverse cultures of Inner Mongolia’s ethnic minorities through traditional music, dance, food, and handicrafts.
  4. China Coal & Mining Expo: Held biannually in October, this international trade fair brings together mining companies from around the world to showcase their latest technologies and products.
  5. Wuhai Snow Sculpture Festival: During winter months (December to March), visitors can admire beautiful snow sculptures created by local artists at various locations throughout the city.
  6. Inner Mongolia Horse Racing Festival: A major event for horse racing enthusiasts held annually in August or September at nearby Xilinhot City (about 300 km from Wuhai).
  7. Dragon Boat Festival: Celebrated on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month (usually June), this traditional Chinese holiday is marked by dragon boat races and eating zongzi (sticky rice dumplings wrapped in bamboo leaves).


  • Roast Lamb: Wuhai is known for its delicious roast lamb, which is seasoned with a variety of spices and herbs.
  • Hand-pulled Noodles: These noodles are made by hand and cooked in a savory broth with vegetables and meat.
  • Fried Rice Cakes: This dish consists of fried rice cakes mixed with vegetables and meat.
  • Steamed Buns: These fluffy buns are filled with meat or vegetables and steamed to perfection.

Some popular restaurants in Wuhai, China include:

  • Dongfanghong Restaurant: This restaurant serves traditional Chinese dishes like dumplings, noodles, and stir-fries.
  • Yijia Dumpling Restaurant: As the name suggests, this restaurant specializes in dumplings of various flavors.
  • Shangri-La Restaurant: This restaurant offers a mix of Chinese and Western cuisine along with scenic views of the city.
  • Laozhang Hot Pot Restaurant: This hot pot restaurant allows customers to cook their own food at the table while enjoying a variety of dipping sauces.

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Xilamuren Grassland Scenic Area: This park is located in the northwest of Wuhai and offers a beautiful grassland landscape with traditional Mongolian yurts, horse riding, and cultural performances.
    2. Wuhai Shihu Park: This park is located in the center of Wuhai and offers a lake with boating facilities, walking paths, and a children’s playground.
    3. Saihanba National Forest Park: This park is located 30 km from Wuhai and features vast forests, hiking trails, camping areas, and scenic spots such as waterfalls.
    4. Yellow River Huyanglin Scenic Area: This park is located on the banks of the Yellow River and offers beautiful views of the river valley as well as activities such as fishing, hiking, and picnicking.
    5. Gobi Desert Ecological Tourist Zone: Located 70 km from Wuhai city center this area features sand dunes that are popular for sandboarding or camel rides.
    6. Taohua Island Tourist Resort: Located on an island in the Yellow River this resort has hot springs spa facilities along with other recreational activities like swimming pools etc.
    7. Baotou-Wuhai Cycling Road: A cycling track that runs through both cities covering 322km long route through scenic landscapes along riverside roads & mountain passes etc


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