Zhangaözen, Kazakhstan

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Zhangaözen, Kazakhstan

Region: Mangystau Region

Geographic Coordinates: 43.337800, 52.855300
Temperature Range: -40.0°C to 35.0°C (-40°F to 95°F)
Climate: Cold and dry winters, hot and arid summers.
Population: 147962
Language: Kazakh

Zhangaözen is a city situated in the western region of Kazakhstan, Near the border with Uzbekistan. The city has a population of around 70, 000 people and is renowned for its rich cultural heritage and history. One of the most prominent landmarks in Zhangaözen is the Zhanaozen Museum of Local Lore. This museum showcases exhibits that highlight the history and culture of the region, Including artifacts from ancient civilizations that once resided in this area. Visitors can learn about traditional Kazakh customs, Clothing, Music, And food. Another famous attraction in Zhangaözen is the Karagiye Depression.

This natural wonder is located just outside town and provides breathtaking views of exceptional rock formations shaped by wind erosion over thousands of years. The area also features several hiking trails where visitors can explore more remote areas. For those interested in religious sites, There are several mosques worth visiting within Zhangaözen. One such mosque is Nur-Astana Mosque built-in 2012 to commemorate Kazakhstan’s independence from Soviet rule. In addition to its cultural attractions, Zhangaözen also serves as an important transportation hub for western Kazakhstan. The city has a modern airport with daily flights to major cities like Almaty and Astana.

There are also several highways connecting Zhangaözen to other parts of Kazakhstan as well as neighboring countries like Uzbekistan. visitors to Zhangaözen will find various accommodations ranging from budget-friendly hostels to luxury hotels with all-inclusive packages available. Many restaurants offer traditional Kazakh cuisine such as beshbarmak (a meat dish served over noodles) or shashlik (grilled meat skewers). Overall, Zhangaözen offers travelers an exceptional blend of history, Culture, Nature and modern amenities making it an ideal destination for those looking for something off-the-beaten-path while exploring Central Asia’s largest country – Kazakhstan.’

Important Landmarks

  1. Bogenbay Batyr Mausoleum – a historical monument dedicated to a Kazakh hero.
  2. Zhanaozen Central Mosque – a beautiful mosque that is one of the largest in the region.
  3. Aktau Mountains – a scenic mountain range located near Zhangaözen.
  4. Karagiye Depression – a unique geological formation known for its salt lakes and sand dunes.
  5. Shopan-Ata Necropolis – an ancient burial site that dates back to the 9th century AD.

Note: It is important to check travel advisories and restrictions before planning any trips due to COVID-19 pandemic situation worldwide.

Primary Industries

  1. Oil and Gas Industry: Zhangaözen is located in the Mangystau region of Kazakhstan, which is known for its rich oil and gas reserves. The city has several oil and gas companies such as Tengizchevroil, KazMunayGas, and others.
  2. Construction Industry: With the growth of the city’s population, there has been an increase in demand for housing and infrastructure development. This has led to a rise in construction companies operating in the area.
  3. Retail Industry: There are several supermarkets, shopping centers, and retail stores that cater to the needs of the local population.
  4. Agriculture: The city also has a significant agricultural sector that produces crops such as wheat, barley, corn, vegetables, fruits etc.
  5. Transportation: As a hub for transportation between Kazakhstan and neighboring countries like Uzbekistan & Turkmenistan , there are many transport companies operating within Zhangaözen providing various services like cargo transportation by road or railway etc.

Noteable History

  1. The Battle of Zhanaozen: In December 2011, a violent clash between striking oil workers and police forces occurred in Zhanaozen, resulting in the deaths of at least 16 people and injuring hundreds more.
  2. The Kazakh Khanate: During the 15th-17th centuries, this region was part of the Kazakh Khanate – a confederation of Kazakh tribes that ruled over much of present-day Kazakhstan.
  3. Kerey and Zhanibek Khans: These two brothers were legendary figures in Kazakh history who helped establish the Kazakh Khanate in the late 15th century.
  4. Shekih Mälihán: A famous poet and composer from Zhangaözen who lived during the late 19th century.
  5. Oil industry: Since its discovery in the early 20th century, oil has played a significant role in shaping Zhangaözen’s economy and development.
  6. Soviet era: During Soviet rule (1920s-1991), Zhangaözen was primarily known as an industrial town focused on oil production.
  7. Recent developments: In recent years, there have been efforts to diversify Zhangaözen’s economy by investing in tourism, agriculture, and other sectors beyond oil production.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Zhangaözen Regional Museum showcases the history and culture of the region, including exhibits on traditional Kazakh nomadic life, local flora and fauna, and historical artifacts.
  2. Monument to the Heroes of the Soviet Union honors soldiers who fought in World War II and was built in 1975.
  3. Zhangaözen Art Gallery features exhibitions by local artists as well as workshops and classes for aspiring artists.
  4. Kyzylkum Desert National Park is located just outside of Zhangaözen and offers visitors a chance to explore the unique desert landscape of Kazakhstan.
  5. Bostandyk Mosque is one of the largest mosques in Kazakhstan with stunning architecture featuring intricate tilework and domes.
  6. Karagiye Depression is a natural wonder located near Zhangaözen that is one of the lowest points on Earth at over 130 meters below sea level.
  7. Aktau Mountains are colorful mountains that are a popular destination for hiking and exploring nature trails.
  8. Ustyurt Plateau is located north of Zhangaözen, offering visitors stunning views of vast landscapes dotted with ancient ruins from past civilizations that once inhabited the area.

Cultural Events

  1. Nauryz is the Kazakh New Year celebrated on March 21st with traditional food, music, dance performances and games.
  2. Kurban Ait celebrates the end of Ramadan and involves feasting with family and friends at the end of July or early August.
  3. Astana Day is celebrated every year on July 6th with parades, concerts and fireworks in honor of the capital city’s founding day.
  4. Victory Day commemorates Kazakhstan’s victory over Nazi Germany during World War II on May 9th with military parades throughout the country.
  5. Independence Day is celebrated on December 16th to mark Kazakhstan’s independence from the Soviet Union in 1991 with fireworks displays, concerts and other festivities.
  6. Shashuak Festival takes place in September/October to celebrate the harvesting season where locals gather to eat traditional foods such as shashlik (grilled meat) while enjoying music performances.
  7. Almaty Marathon is a famous sports event that attracts runners from all over the world annually in April/May which includes a full marathon (42 km), half marathon (21 km), 10k run etc.

Please keep in mind that these are just a few examples of cultural events/festivals that take place in Zhangaözen/Kazakhstan; there may be many more depending on various factors such as region/city/ethnicity etc.


  • Beshbarmak: A traditional dish made of boiled meat (usually lamb or beef) served on top of flat noodles and accompanied by onion sauce.
  • Kazy: A type of sausage made from horse meat.
  • Lagman: Noodle soup with vegetables and meat.
  • Shashlik: Grilled skewered meat (usually lamb or beef) served with bread and vegetables.
  • Samsa: A pastry filled with meat, onions, and potatoes.

Some popular restaurants in Zhangaözen that serve these dishes include:

  1. Zaman Restaurant
  2. Sultan Restaurant
  3. Nauruz Restaurant
  4. Shymkent Restaurant
  5. Kebab House

Parks and Recreation

  1. Central Park is the largest park in Zhangaözen and a popular spot for outdoor activities such as picnics and jogging.
  2. The Aktau Mountains, located just outside of Zhangaözen, offer visitors the opportunity to explore unique rock formations while hiking.
  3. Kenderli Beach, situated on the Caspian Sea, provides visitors with various water-based activities like swimming and sunbathing.
  4. The botanical garden in Zhangaözen is an excellent place for a leisurely stroll featuring plants from around Kazakhstan.
  5. The sports complex in Zhangaözen offers facilities for soccer, volleyball, basketball, tennis and more.
  6. Visitors can enjoy ice skating during winter months at the local ice rink.
  7. Children’s Park features playground equipment for children as well as picnic areas for families to enjoy together.
  8. Visitors can purchase fresh produce or traditional Kazakh crafts and souvenirs at the local bazaar market in Zhangaözen.


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