Ḩalwān, Egypt

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Ḩalwān, Egypt

Region: Cairo

Geographic Coordinates: 29.845300, 31.333300
Temperature Range: 10.0°C to 35.0°C (50°F to 95°F)
Climate: Hot and dry climate with occasional rainfall in winter.
Population: 619293
Language: Arabic

Halwan is a city located in the southern part of Cairo, Egypt. It is situated on the eastern bank of the Nile River and has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. The city was once known as Heliopolis, Which means City of the Sun in Greek. It was an important religious center in ancient Egypt and was home to one of the most famous temples dedicated to the sun god Ra. Today, Halwan is known for its industrial activity and its production of cement, Textiles, And other goods.

The city also has several archaeological sites that attract tourists from all over the world. One such site is the Pyramid of Djedkare Isesi, Which dates back to the fifth dynasty (around 2400 BCE). This pyramid is one of only a few remaining pyramids from this period and gives visitors a glimpse into ancient Egyptian architecture. Another popular attraction in Halwan is Wadi Digla Natural Reserve. This reserve covers an area of over 50 square kilometers and offers visitors stunning views of natural landscapes including mountains, Valleys, And waterfalls.

The reserve also provides opportunities for hiking and camping making it a perfect destination for adventure seekers. For those interested in history or archaeology, There are several museums worth visiting in Halwan. One such museum is The Museum Of Islamic Ceramics which houses some rare Islamic ceramics dating back to different periods ranging from Fatimid era till Ottoman era. In addition to these attractions, Halwan has many restaurants serving traditional Egyptian cuisine as well as international dishes catering for all tastes.

There are also plenty of cafes where visitors can relax with friends or family while enjoying coffee or tea with shisha (water pipe). Overall Halwan offers something for everyone whether you’re looking for adventure or relaxation making it a must-visit destination when traveling to Egypt.

Important Landmarks

  1. Wadi Degla Protected Area
  2. Al-Qattara Depression
  3. The Egyptian Textile Museum
  4. The Halwan Observatory
  5. The Halwan Wax Museum

Primary Industries

  1. Manufacturing: Halwan is known for its industrial zone, which includes factories producing textiles, chemicals, and food products.
  2. Construction: The city has a growing construction industry with several companies involved in building commercial and residential properties.
  3. Agriculture: The surrounding areas of Halwan are rich in agricultural land where crops such as wheat, corn, and vegetables are grown.
  4. Retail: There are several shopping centers and markets in the city selling everything from clothing to electronics.
  5. Service sector: Halwan also has a growing service sector with businesses offering services such as healthcare, education, transportation, and hospitality.

Noteable History

  1. Ancient Egyptian history: Ḩalwān was a significant center for pottery production during ancient Egypt.
  2. The Ptolemaic period: During this era, Ḩalwān was a major hub for textile production.
  3. The Islamic period: In the 12th century AD, al-Ghazali, a famous Muslim scholar and theologian lived in Ḩalwān.
  4. Modern history: In the early 20th century, Ḩalwān became an important industrial center for cement production.
  5. Archaeological discoveries: Excavations in Ḩalwān have uncovered numerous artifacts from ancient Egypt such as pottery, jewelry and statues.
  6. Notable people: Some other famous personalities associated with Ḩalwān include writer Naguib Mahfouz and singer Umm Kulthum.

Museums and Things To See

  1. The Halwan Museum showcases artifacts from various periods of Egypt’s history including Pharaonic, Greek, Roman, Coptic and Islamic.
  2. Al-Muizz Street is a historic street in Cairo that boasts several monuments and mosques such as the Al-Hakim Mosque, Bab Zuweila and the Al-Azhar Mosque.
  3. The Egyptian Textile Museum displays traditional textiles from all over Egypt such as carpets, tapestries, embroidery and woven fabrics.
  4. Pyramid of Djoser is one of the oldest pyramids in Egypt dating back to 2630 BC located in Saqqara near Cairo.
  5. Memphis City was once the capital of Egypt located on the outskirts of Cairo featuring several temples and statues dedicated to various gods.
  6. Khan El-Khalili Bazaar is one of Cairo’s oldest markets offering a wide range of souvenirs, jewelry, spices and other goods.
  7. Saladin Citadel was built by Saladin in 1176 AD providing stunning views overlooking Cairo city below.
  8. The Egyptian Museum is home to over 120000 artifacts including mummies, sarcophagi and treasures from Tutankhamun’s tomb making it one of Egypt’s most popular attractions.
  9. The Sphinx at Giza Pyramids remains an iconic symbol for Ancient Egyptian civilization attracting tourists from all around world.
  10. The Great Pyramid Of Giza stands tall as an epitome for ancient architecture with its massive size engineering techniques used during construction among other wonders making it one among seven wonders.

Cultural Events

  1. The Moulid of Sayyid Ahmed al-Badawi is an annual religious festival held in Halwan to honor the birth of a revered Sufi saint.
  2. The Halwan Cultural Festival celebrates the diverse cultural heritage of the city with music, dance, food, and art exhibitions.
  3. The Cairo International Book Fair is a popular event held nearby that attracts visitors from across Egypt.
  4. Eid al-Fitr marks the end of Ramadan fasting and is celebrated with feasting, family gatherings, and gift-giving by Muslims worldwide.
  5. Coptic Christmas on January 7th is observed by Coptic Christians in Halwan and throughout Egypt.
  6. Sham el-Nessim is a traditional spring holiday celebrated on the Monday after Easter Sunday with outdoor activities like kite flying and picnics.
  7. Islamic New Year (Hijri) falls on the first day of Muharram according to lunar cycles observed by Muslims globally each year.
  8. Prophet Muhammad’s Birthday (Mawlid) commemorates his birth anniversary on 12th Rabi ul Awal according to Islamic calendar customs followed worldwide by Muslims each year.


  • Koshari: A dish made with rice, lentils, macaroni, chickpeas and tomato sauce.
  • Foul: A dish made with fava beans and served with bread.
  • Taameya: Egyptian version of falafel made from fava beans.
  • Molokhia: A soup-like dish made from jute leaves and served over rice or bread.

Some popular restaurants in Ḩalwān, Egypt are:

  • El Shabrawy Restaurant
  • Abu Shakra Restaurant
  • Al Tahrir Restaurant
  • El Malky Restaurant

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Al-Azhar Park
    2. Wadi Degla Protectorate
    3. Dream Park
    4. Magic Land
    5. Family Park Halwan
    6. Halwan Sporting Club
    7. International Shooting Range Complex
    8. 6th of October Panorama
    9. Aqua Park – Dreamland
    10. Happy Land


    Its All About The Journey.

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