Accra, Ghana

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Accra, Ghana

Region: Greater Accra Region

Geographic Coordinates: 5.550000, -0.200000
Temperature Range: 25.0°C to 32.0°C (77°F to 90°F)
Climate: Seasonal with a wet season from April to October and a dry season from November to March.
Population: 2388000
Language: English

Accra is the capital city of Ghana located on the West Coast of Africa. It’s a bustling metropolis with a population of over 2 million people and serves as the economic and administrative center of Ghana. The city has a rich history that dates back to the 15th century when it was originally inhabited by the Ga people, Who called it Nkran. Today, Accra is a vibrant city that blends modernity with tradition. One of Accra’s most prominent features is its architecture, Which boasts an eclectic mix of colonial-era buildings and modern high-rises.

Notable examples include Osu Castle built by Danish traders in 1661 and served as a slave fortress during transatlantic slave trade; Independence Square constructed to commemorate Ghana’s independence from British rule in 1957. Accra also has several museums showcasing its rich cultural heritage. The National Museum houses artifacts from Ghana’s pre-colonial era, Including traditional clothing, Weapons, And pottery while W.E.B Du Bois Memorial Centre for Pan-African Culture showcases African art and culture through exhibits and events.

The food scene in Accra is diverse reflecting its multicultural population with popular dishes like jollof rice (a spicy rice dish), Banku (a fermented cornmeal dish), Fufu (a starchy dough made from cassava or yams), Grilled tilapia fish served with spicy pepper sauce or peanut soup. Accra offers stunning beaches like Labadi Beach offering visitors beautiful views overlooking clear blue waters lapping onto white sandy shores dotted with palm trees swaying gently in sea breezes while providing perfect spots for relaxation under beach umbrellas or sunbathing on loungers provided by hotels along these beaches.

In terms of nightlife, Accra has lively bars, Clubs, And restaurants catering to all tastes mainly centered around Osu known for trendy bars/clubs open until early morning hours. Accra offers visitors unique blend of history, Culture, Food, Beaches and nightlife. It’s an ideal destination for those looking to explore West Africa’s vibrant cultures while still enjoying modern amenities. Whether you’re interested in exploring museums or lounging on beautiful beaches or experiencing traditional African cuisine or dancing the night away at trendy nightclubs, There’s something for everyone in Accra.

Important Landmarks

  1. Independence Square
  2. Kwame Nkrumah Memorial Park
  3. Labadi Beach
  4. National Museum of Ghana
  5. Osu Castle (Fort Christiansborg)
  6. W.E.B Du Bois Museum
  7. Aburi Botanical Gardens
  8. Jamestown Lighthouse
  9. Achimota Forest Reserve
  10. Accra Mall

Primary Industries

  1. Financial services
    • Banks
    • Insurance companies
    • Investment firms
  2. Tourism
    • Beaches
    • Historical sites
    • Wildlife parks
  3. Agriculture
    • Cocoa
    • Maize
    • Cassava
    • Yams
    • Plantains
    • Vegetables
  4. Manufacturing
    • Textiles
    • Food products (sugar and confectionery items)
  5. Mining
    • Gold
  6. Real estate
  7. Transportation services
  8. E-commerce

Noteable History

  1. The founding of Accra: Accra was founded in the late 15th century by the Ga people, who named it Nkran. It later became a major trading post for Europeans in the 17th century.
  2. British colonization: In 1877, Accra became the capital of the British Gold Coast colony, which later became Ghana.
  3. Kwame Nkrumah: One of Ghana’s most famous political leaders and a key figure in Africa’s struggle for independence from colonial rule, Nkrumah was born in Nkroful but spent much of his life in Accra.
  4. Independence Day celebrations: On March 6, 1957, Ghana gained its independence from Britain and Accra played host to huge celebrations that included parades and speeches by political leaders.
  5. The overthrow of Kwame Nkrumah: In February 1966, a military coup led by Emmanuel Kotoka overthrew President Kwame Nkrumah while he was on a trip to China. This event marked a significant turning point in Ghana’s history.
  6. National Museum of Ghana: Located in central Accra, this museum is home to some of Ghana’s most important historical artifacts and cultural treasures.
  7. Labadi Beach Resort: A popular destination for tourists visiting Accra since its opening in 1992.
  8. Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre (KAIPTC): Named after former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan who was also from Ghana; this center provides training to military personnel on peacekeeping operations around the world.
  9. Osu Castle (Fort Christiansborg): Built by Denmark-Norway as Fort Christiansborg; it served as seat government until it moved its seat to Flagstaff House after independence.
  10. National Theatre Of Ghana: Built-in honor of Dr.Kwame Nkrumah, the first president of independent Ghana. It is a performing arts center and was opened on 11th November 1992.

Museums and Things To See

  1. National Museum of Ghana
  2. Kwame Nkrumah Memorial Park
  3. Independence Square
  4. Osu Castle
  5. Jamestown Lighthouse
  6. Labadi Beach
  7. W.E.B Du Bois Museum
  8. Accra Mall
  9. Achimota Forest Reserve
  10. Aburi Botanical Gardens

Sports Teams

  1. Hearts of Oak is one of the oldest and most successful football clubs in Ghana, founded in 1911. They have won numerous domestic league titles and continental titles such as the CAF Champions League and CAF Confederation Cup.
  2. Asante Kotoko is another historic football club in Ghana that was founded in 1935. They have won over 20 domestic league titles and are known for their fierce rivalry with Hearts of Oak.
  3. Accra Great Olympics is a football club that was founded in 1954 and has had a mixed history of success and relegation from the top tier league. However, they remain a popular team among supporters.
  4. Tema Youth FC is a relatively new football club based in Tema that was established in 2006 but has risen through the ranks to compete at the highest level of Ghanaian football.
  5. The Ghana Rugby Football Union (GRFU) was established to promote rugby union across Ghana, focusing on developing grassroots programs to introduce young people to the sport.
  6. The Accra Lawn Tennis Club has been around for over a century and remains one of the premier tennis clubs not only in Accra but also throughout West Africa.
  7. The Achimota Golf Club, established over 80 years ago, is one of the oldest golf clubs not just within Ghana but also across Africa as a whole.
  8. Ashanti Gold Sporting Club (SC) is an association football club based out Obuasi which competes at highest level within Ghanian soccer league system. They have won four national championships since their establishment way back on January, 1978.

Cultural Events

  1. Chale Wote Street Art Festival: This annual festival showcases local and international artists creating street art, performances, and installations in the streets of Accra.
  2. Homowo Festival: A traditional festival celebrated by the Ga people of Accra to mark the end of a period of hunger and famine.
  3. Ghana Fashion Week: An annual event that highlights Ghanaian fashion designers and their collections.
  4. Panafest: A biennial cultural festival that celebrates African culture, history, and heritage through music, dance, theater, and art.
  5. Asafotufiam Festival: A celebration honoring the bravery and strength exhibited by the people of Ada during wars in ancient times.
  6. Independence Day Celebration: Celebrated on March 6th every year to commemorate Ghana’s independence from British colonial rule in 1957.
  7. Homeland Study Group Foundation Day Celebration: A day set aside to celebrate the culture and traditions of the Ewe people who live in southeastern Ghana.
  8. Kundum Festival: Celebrated by the Ahanta people to give thanks for a bountiful harvest season with drumming, dancing, feasting, and purification ceremonies.
  9. Ga Mashie Homowo Carnival: A carnival-style celebration featuring colorful costumes worn by participants as they dance through the streets with drums beating loudly.
  10. Odadao Festival: Celebrated annually on August 31st at La Township near Teshie-Accra where it is believed that their ancestors first settled after migrating from Nigeria over 300 years ago.


  • Jollof Rice is a well-known dish that consists of rice, tomatoes, onions, and spices.
  • Banku and Tilapia is a traditional Ghanaian meal that’s made with fermented corn dough and served with grilled tilapia fish.
  • Waakye is a rice and beans dish that’s usually accompanied by spicy sauce, meat or fish, and vegetables.
  • Red Red is a stew made from black-eyed peas cooked in palm oil along with tomatoes, onions, and spices.
  • Kenkey is steamed cornmeal dough that’s typically served as an accompaniment to soups or stews.

Some of the most popular restaurants in Accra include:

  • Buka Restaurant which serves authentic Ghanaian cuisine
  • Chez Clarisse which offers Ivorian cuisine
  • Azmera Restaurant where you can find Ethiopian food
  • Santoku Japanese Restaurant which specializes in Japanese cuisine
  • Urban Grill which serves contemporary African dishes

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Achimota Forest Reserve is a large park that offers visitors the chance to experience Ghana’s wildlife up close. With hiking trails, picnic areas, and a canopy walkway, there are plenty of activities to keep you busy.
    2. Labadi Beach is one of the most popular beaches in Accra, thanks to its white sand and clear water. Whether you’re looking to swim, sunbathe or play beach volleyball, this beach has something for everyone.
    3. Aburi Botanical Gardens is a peaceful garden that features exotic plants from all over the world. With walking paths and picnic areas scattered throughout the gardens, it’s an ideal spot for nature lovers.
    4. Independence Square is a large public square that hosts festivals and events throughout the year. It’s also home to several important monuments commemorating Ghanaian history.
    5. Accra Mall is a modern shopping center that offers visitors plenty of entertainment options like restaurants and cinemas in addition to shopping.
    6. National Museum of Ghana showcases Ghanaian history and culture through art exhibits and artifacts making it an educational experience for visitors who want more than just sightseeing.
    7. Osu Castle (Fort Christiansborg) was once an old colonial fort but now serves as the official residence of the President of Ghana which makes it an important historical site.
    8. Kwame Nkrumah Memorial Park honors Ghana’s first president with his mausoleum as well as museum showcasing his life’s work making it another must-visit historical site.
    9. Legon Botanical Gardens features several species of plants from across Africa along with an aviary filled with birds native to the region making it another scenic garden worth visiting.
    10. Tetteh Quarshie Memorial Museum dedicated to Tetteh Quarshie who brought cocoa beans into Ghana in 1876 which has become one of their most important exports today; showcases how cocoa is grown & produced in Ghana along with other agricultural products like coffee & tea etc.. making it an important site for those interested in the history of Ghana’s agriculture.


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