Aksu, China

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Aksu, China

Region: Xinjiang

Geographic Coordinates: 41.185000, 80.290400
Temperature Range: -40.0°C to 30.0°C (-40°F to 86°F)
Climate: Dry and arid with extreme temperatures in summer and cold winters.
Population: 535657
Language: Uyghur

Aksu is a city in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China, Located in the Tarim Basin between the Kunlun Mountains and Tian Shan Mountains. The city spans 131 square kilometers and has a population of over 500, 000 people. Aksu has a long history dating back to the Neolithic period and was an important center for trade along the Silk Road. As a result, It has been influenced by various cultures over time.

The city’s bazaar is one of its most famous landmarks, Offering colorful displays of local products such as silk fabrics, Carpets, Fruits and vegetables, Spices, And other goods reflecting both Chinese and Central Asian influences. Kuqa Grand Mosque is another notable attraction in Aksu that reflects Islamic architecture with traditional Chinese elements like dragon sculptures on its roof. In addition to cultural attractions, Aksu also boasts several natural wonders like Lake Bosten – one of China’s largest inland lakes surrounded by mountains that offer stunning views to visitors.

There are also scenic spots like Taklamakan Desert where you can enjoy camel rides or go sandboarding on dunes up to 300 meters high. Recently, Aksu has become an important industrial hub due to its strategic location at the crossroads between central Asia and western China. It produces textiles, Machinery , Chemicals, And building materials among others. Despite being smaller than other cities in China, Aksu offers visitors unique insights into both Chinese culture as well as Central Asian influences from across the Silk Road.

With its rich history, Natural beauty, And modern development, It’s definitely worth exploring for any traveler.

Important Landmarks

  1. Kizil Thousand Buddha Caves: A complex of Buddhist cave temples dating back to the 3rd century AD.
  2. Tianshan Grand Canyon: A scenic canyon located in the Tianshan Mountains.
  3. Kuqa Grand Mosque: One of the largest mosques in China built during the Qing Dynasty.
  4. Subashi Ruins: An important archaeological site dating back to the Han Dynasty.
  5. Aksu City Museum: Showcasing the history and culture of Aksu and its surrounding areas.
  6. Muztagh Ata Mountain: Part of Pamir Mountains offering stunning views for hikers and climbers.
  7. Tarim Basin Desert Landscape Park: Featuring sand dunes, desert landscapes, and traditional yurt accommodations for visitors to experience nomadic life in Xinjiang Province.
  8. Kaidu River Valley Scenic Area: Located near Aksu City offering beautiful views of mountains, rivers, forests, and grasslands.
  9. Abakh Hoja Tomb & Fragrant Concubine Memorial Hall: The tomb was built by Uighur poet Yusup Hoja (1644-1718) for his father Abakh Hoja who was a religious leader while The Fragrant Concubine Memorial Hall tells about one of Emperor Qianlong’s concubines who was born in Aksu region.
  10. Holiday Beach: It’s located on Tarim River side with its golden sand beaches which attracts tourists from all over China.

Primary Industries

  1. Aksu is a city located in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China.
  2. The city’s economy is driven by various industries and businesses, including:
    • Agriculture
    • Textile manufacturing
    • Chemical production
    • Energy sector
    • Construction materials production
    • Mining industry
    • Tourism
  3. Agriculture is one of the major industries in Aksu and the city is well-known for its:
    • Cotton
    • Fruit
    • Vegetable production
  4. The textile industry in Aksu produces:
    • Cotton yarns
    • Fabrics
    • Clothing on a large scale
  5. Aksu also has a chemical industry that produces:
    • Fertilizers
    • Pesticides
    • Other chemicals
  6. The energy sector in Aksu comprises several:
    • Coal mines
    • Power plants that provide electricity to the region
  7. Construction materials such as:
    • Cement
    • Bricks
    • Tiles
    • Glass are also produced here
  8. Mining industry plays an important role in the economy of Aksu as it has deposits of:
    • Gold
    • Copper
    • Lead-zinc ores which are mined by local companies
  9. Tourism is emerging as an important sector in recent years due to scenic spots such as:
    • Kuqa Grand Canyon National Geopark which attracts tourists from all over China
  10. Overall, agriculture followed by textile manufacturing, mining industries play a crucial role while tourism contributes significantly to the economy of Aksu today.

Noteable History

  1. The Battle of Aksu took place in 1854 during the Qing dynasty between the Chinese army and a group of Uyghur rebels led by Yaqub Beg. The Uyghurs were defeated, and Yaqub Beg fled to Kashgar.
  2. Bai Yanhu was a renowned Islamic scholar who lived in Aksu during the Qing dynasty. He was known for his expertise in Islamic law and his efforts to promote education among the Uyghur people.
  3. During World War II, Japanese troops massacred thousands of Uyghur people in Aksu Prefecture as part of their campaign to control Xinjiang, which is now an autonomous region in China.
  4. Ma Fuxiang was a general who served under both the Qing dynasty and later, the Republic of China government during the early 20th century. He played an essential role in suppressing rebellions by Muslim groups in Xinjiang.
  5. Nur Bekri is a prominent politician from Xinjiang who served as governor of Aksu Prefecture from 1999-2001 before moving on to other positions within the Chinese government.
  6. Aksu is located along one of China’s most famous historical trade routes known as Silk Road that connected China with Europe and Central Asia for centuries.
  7. The Tarim Basin includes Aksu and is home to some of China’s oldest settlements dating back over 4000 years ago, including ancient cities such as Kucha and Niya that have been discovered through archaeological excavations over time.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Aksu Museum
  2. Kuqa Grand Mosque
  3. Kuqa Kizil Thousand Buddha Caves
  4. Subashi Ruins
  5. Tianshan Grand Canyon Scenic Area
  6. Kezilesu Kirgiz Autonomous Prefecture Museum
  7. Yarkant King’s Mausoleum
  8. Kucha Ancient City Wall
  9. Muztagh Ata Mountain Scenic Area

Sports Teams

  1. Football (soccer)
  2. Basketball
  3. Volleyball
  4. Table tennis
  5. Badminton

Aksu has a strong tradition of football with many local clubs competing in regional and national tournaments.

Regarding professional teams, there is no known history of any major sports team from Aksu that has achieved significant success at the national or international level.

However, several amateur and university-level teams participate in various tournaments across the country representing Aksu city and its surrounding areas.

Overall, sports play an important role in the lives of people in Aksu as a means of recreation and physical fitness.

Cultural Events

  1. Urumqi International Grand Bazaar Festival
  2. Xinjiang Grape Festival
  3. Kashgar Central and South Asian Commodity Fair
  4. Turpan International Grape Festival
  5. Korla Pear Blossom Festival

These celebrations highlight the region’s distinct culture, traditions, and customs and draw numerous tourists from all over the world annually.


  • Roast Lamb: Aksu is famous for its delicious roast lamb dishes seasoned with cumin and other spices.
  • Noodles: Aksu-style noodles are a local specialty served in savory broth with meat or vegetables.
  • Kebabs: Grilled meat skewered on bamboo sticks is a popular street food in Aksu.
  • Uyghur Cuisine: The Uyghur people have their own unique cuisine that is famous in Aksu and throughout Xinjiang Province. Some of the most well-known dishes include polo (a rice dish), laghman (hand-pulled noodles), and samsa (meat-filled pastries).
  • Recommended Restaurants:
    • Tuguluk Kebab Restaurant
    • Yasin’s Roast Lamb Restaurant
    • Dapinxiang Noodle House
    • Shouzhenju Uyghur Cuisine Restaurant
    • Hui Muslim Beef Noodle Shop

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Aksu City Park
    2. Tianshan Grand Canyon Scenic Area
    3. Tarim River Scenic Area
    4. Yilisu Park
    5. Wensu Cultural Relics Park
    6. Aksu Sports Center for sports activities such as basketball, football, and swimming.
    7. Jiaohe Ruins for historical and cultural exploration.
    8. Kaidu River Wetland Park for bird watching and nature walks.


    Create Memories, Travel Often.

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