Hoima, Uganda

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Hoima, Uganda

Region: Hoima

Geographic Coordinates: 1.431900, 31.352500
Temperature Range: 20.0°C to 30.0°C (68°F to 86°F)
Climate: Seasonal.
Population: 122700
Language: Luganda

Hoima is a city located in the western part of Uganda, Approximately 230 kilometers from Kampala. It is the largest city in Bunyoro sub-region and serves as the capital of Hoima district. The city has a population of over 100, 000 people and is home to various ethnic groups such as Banyoro, Bakiga, Batooro and Baganda. The economy of Hoima is largely dependent on agriculture with major crops grown including maize, Beans, Groundnuts, Cassava and coffee. The region also has significant oil reserves which have attracted foreign investment in recent years.

The discovery of oil has led to an increase in infrastructure development with new roads being constructed to connect Hoima to other parts of Uganda. One notable attraction in Hoima is the Kabwoya Wildlife Reserve which covers an area of approximately 87 square kilometers. The reserve offers visitors a chance to see various wildlife species including elephants, Lions, Buffaloes and antelopes among others. There are also several bird species that can be spotted within the reserve. Another interesting site for visitors is the Bunyoro Kitara Kingdom Palace located within Hoima town.

This palace was built by King Omukama Kabalega who ruled Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom from 1869 until his capture by British colonialists in 1899. The palace showcases traditional architecture and artifacts that depict the history and culture of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom. Hoima also boasts several cultural events throughout the year such as Nkwanzi Cultural Festival which celebrates Banyoro culture through music, Dance and food among other activities. Other cultural events include Empango Festival which marks the coronation anniversary of Omukama (king) Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I.

For those interested in religious tourism, There are several churches within Hoima town such as St Peter’s Anglican Cathedral and Hoima Catholic Cathedral which both have unique architectural designs. There is also the Bujumbura Mosque which is one of the oldest mosques in Uganda. Hoima is a city rich in culture and history with several attractions for visitors to explore. From wildlife reserves to cultural festivals and religious sites, There is something for everyone in this beautiful city.

The discovery of oil has also brought about significant development which makes it an exciting time to visit Hoima and witness its growth firsthand.

Important Landmarks

  1. Bunyoro Kitara Kingdom Palace: This is the official residence of the King of Bunyoro-Kitara, located in Hoima town.
  2. Kibiro Salt Gardens: These are historic salt gardens that have been used for centuries to extract salt from Lake Albert.
  3. Nyabigere Crater Lake: This is a beautiful crater lake located about 20 km from Hoima town.
  4. Kaiso Tonya Community Tourism Initiative: This is a community-based tourism initiative that offers visitors an opportunity to experience local culture and traditions.
  5. Mparo Tombs: These are the burial grounds of the former kings and queens of Bunyoro-Kitara.
  6. Kabwoya Wildlife Reserve: This reserve is home to several animal species, including elephants, lions, and giraffes.
  7. Bulindi Chimpanzee & Community Conservation Project: Visitors can see chimpanzees in their natural habitat while also learning about conservation efforts in the area.
  8. Karuziika Falls: These falls are located along the Wambabya River and offer stunning views and a refreshing swim spot for visitors.
  9. Bujumbura Island on Lake Albert: Visitors can take a boat ride to this island where they can relax on sandy beaches or go fishing with local fishermen.
  10. Hoima Cultural Centre & Museum: The museum showcases traditional artifacts, cultural practices, and history of people in Bunyoro-Kitara region.

Primary Industries

  1. Oil and gas: Hoima is home to the Albertine Graben, which has significant oil and gas reserves. The industry has attracted several multinational companies such as Total, Tullow Oil, and CNOOC.
  2. Agriculture: The region is known for its fertile soils that support the production of crops such as maize, beans, cassava, millet, and sorghum. Livestock farming is also popular.
  3. Tourism: Hoima has several tourist attractions such as Murchison Falls National Park, Kibiro Salt Gardens, Lake Albert Delta Wetland System among others.
  4. Trade: The town serves as a commercial hub for the surrounding areas with a bustling market where traders sell various goods.
  5. Manufacturing: There are several small-scale manufacturing businesses in Hoima that produce products like soap making machines and agricultural equipment.
  6. Construction: With the development of oil infrastructure in the region comes construction work on roads, buildings among others that create job opportunities for locals in construction-related fields like masonry or carpentry.
  7. Transportation: Due to its location near Lake Albert port services are available including transport by boat or ferry which opens up opportunities for individuals engaged in marine transportation-related activities like fishing or shipping goods across borders via waterways connecting Uganda to other countries bordering lake albert

Noteable History

  1. The Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom: Hoima is located in the heart of the Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, which was one of the most powerful kingdoms in East Africa during the 16th and 17th centuries.
  2. Omukama Kabalega: He was a legendary king of Bunyoro-Kitara who fought against British colonialism in the late 19th century. He is considered a hero by many Ugandans.
  3. The Uganda Railway: The railway line from Mombasa to Kampala passed through Hoima, making it an important transport hub for goods and people.
  4. Oil Discovery: In 2006, oil was discovered in the Albertine region near Hoima, which has since transformed its economy and attracted investment from multinational companies.
  5. Lake Albert: Lake Albert is located near Hoima and has played an important role in fishing, transportation, and tourism for local communities.
  6. Sir Samuel Baker: He was a British explorer who visited Bunyoro-Kitara in 1864 on his way to explore Lake Albert. His accounts of his travels helped to popularize East Africa among European explorers.
  7. Drusilla Nalubega: She was a prominent Ugandan politician who served as Minister of Health under President Yoweri Museveni from 1996 to 2001.
  8. Bishop Cyprian Bamwoze: He was a religious leader who founded several schools and hospitals in Hoima during the early part of the 20th century.
  9. Independence Day Celebrations: On October 9,1962,Uganda declared its independence at Kololo Airstrip where Sir Edward Mutesa II read out Uganda’s Independence speech .Hoima celebrated this event with great enthusiasm as it marked their freedom from British colonialism.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Hoima Cultural Museum
  2. Bujumbura Cathedral
  3. Kabwoya Wildlife Reserve
  4. Kibiro Salt Gardens
  5. Mparo Tombs
  6. Nyabikere Crater Lake
  7. Bunyoro Kitara Kingdom Palace
  8. Kagadi Cultural Centre
  9. Kyangwali Refugee Camp Museum
  10. Kaiso-Tonya Community Conservation Area

Sports Teams

  1. Hoima District Football Association – This organization is responsible for organizing football tournaments and leagues in the district.
  2. Hoima Rugby Club – The rugby club was established to promote rugby as a sport in the region.
  3. Kaiso Football Club – A local football club that participates in regional tournaments.
  4. Bunyoro Kitara Boxing Club – The boxing club was established to promote boxing as a sport among young people in the region.
  5. Bunyoro Kitara Karate Association – A karate organization that offers training and organizes competitions for its members.

Overall, while there may not be any notable sports teams with extensive histories in Hoima, several clubs and associations offer opportunities for individuals to participate and compete locally within their respective disciplines of interest.

Cultural Events

  1. Bunyoro Kitara Kingdom Coronation: This cultural event occurs biennially in Hoima and commemorates the coronation of the King of Bunyoro Kitara Kingdom, one of Uganda’s oldest kingdoms.
  2. Nkwanzi Festival: Celebrating the traditional music and dance of the Banyoro people, this festival showcases local musicians and dancers while offering traditional food and crafts.
  3. World Tourism Day: Every year on September 27th, Hoima hosts an event to promote tourism in Uganda as part of World Tourism Day celebrations.
  4. International Women’s Day: Recognizing women’s achievements and contributions to society, this day is celebrated annually on March 8th with parades and other events organized by women’s groups in Hoima.
  5. Independence Day Celebrations: On October 9th each year, Uganda celebrates its independence from British colonial rule with parades, cultural events, and fireworks displays across the country including Hoima.
  6. Christmas Celebrations: Christmas is a significant holiday in Uganda marked by church services, carol singing, gift-giving, and feasting with family and friends.
  7. Eid al-Fitr: Muslims celebrate Eid al-Fitr at the end of Ramadan with prayers at mosques followed by feasting with family members or friends; this celebration also takes place in Hoima due to its significant Muslim population.


  1. Luwombo: A traditional Ugandan dish made with meat or chicken wrapped in banana leaves and steamed. It is a specialty of Hoima.
  2. Rolex: A popular street food in Uganda, consisting of an omelette rolled up with vegetables and sometimes meat inside a chapati.
  3. Matooke: A staple food in Uganda made from mashed green bananas, often served with peanut sauce or stewed meat.
  4. Kikomando: Another popular street food consisting of beans mixed with fried plantains and served with chapati.
  5. Nile Resort Restaurant: This restaurant offers a variety of international cuisine as well as traditional Ugandan dishes like matooke and luwombo.
  6. Sunset Hotel Restaurant: This restaurant serves local dishes like kikomando and rolex as well as international cuisine.
  7. Muhumuza’s Place Restaurant: This restaurant specializes in traditional Ugandan dishes like luwombo, matooke, and groundnut soup.
  8. Green Gardens Restaurant & Bar: This restaurant serves both local Ugandan dishes as well as Indian cuisine such as biryani and tandoori chicken.
  9. The Bistro at Kontiki Hotel Hoima: This restaurant offers continental dishes such as burgers, pizzas, pasta etc., alongside some African favorites including roasted goat meat (nyama choma).
  10. Oasis Lodge Hoima Restaurant: This lodge has an on-site restaurant that serves both international cuisines along side local delicacies like fish fillets, stews, curries etc.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Bujumbura Park is a public park that offers walking paths, playgrounds, and picnic areas for visitors to enjoy.
  2. Hoima Golf Course is a picturesque golf course that includes a clubhouse and restaurant for guests.
  3. Kaiso Tonya Community Wildlife Reserve is a nature reserve where visitors can hike on trails and view wildlife in their natural habitat.
  4. Lake Albert is a large lake that provides opportunities for fishing, boating, and swimming activities.
  5. Kyangwali Refugee Settlement offers cultural exchange opportunities and volunteering programs in the area.
  6. Kabwoya Wildlife Reserve is a protected area with diverse flora and fauna species that can be viewed through game drives or guided hikes.
  7. Bunyoro Kitara Kingdom Palace serves as the official residence of the Omukama of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom.
  8. Hoima Cultural Centre allows visitors to learn about the culture of Bunyoro-Kitara kingdom through dance performances, arts & crafts exhibitions.
  9. Kibiro Salt Gardens are where salt is extracted from salty hot springs along Lake Albert.
  10. Mparo Tombs serve as the burial site of past Omukamas (kings) of Bunyoro-Kitara kingdom.


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