Iwo, Nigeria

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Iwo, Nigeria

Region: Osun State

Geographic Coordinates: 7.633300, 4.183300
Temperature Range: 27.0°C to 35.0°C (81°F to 95°F)
Climate: Seasonal.
Population: 250443
Language: Yoruba

Iwo is a bustling city located in Osun State, Nigeria. It is the second-largest city in the state and has a population of approximately 250, 000 people. The city is situated on the eastern edge of the Yoruba-speaking region of Nigeria and lies about 30 miles northeast of Osogbo, The state capital. Iwo has a rich history dating back to pre-colonial times. The town was founded by an Ifa priest named Oluyole who migrated from Ile-Ife, One of the ancient cities in Nigeria.

Over time, Iwo became an important center for trade and commerce due to its strategic location at the crossroads between major trading routes. Today, Iwo is known for its vibrant markets where locals sell everything from fresh produce to handmade crafts. One of the most popular markets in Iwo is Oja Oba market which attracts traders from all over Nigeria and neighboring countries such as Benin Republic and Togo. Iwo also boasts several notable landmarks such as Oluwo’s Palace which serves as both a tourist attraction and administrative center for traditional rulers.

The palace features intricate carvings and colorful murals that depict scenes from Yoruba mythology. Another significant landmark in Iwo is St Paul’s Anglican Church which was built by British missionaries during colonial times. The church still stands today as a testament to both colonialism’s impact on Nigerian culture and Christianity’s enduring influence on Nigerian society. In recent years, Iwo has experienced rapid growth thanks to increased investment in infrastructure development projects such as road construction, Water supply systems, And electricity generation facilities. This investment has helped improve living standards for residents while also attracting new businesses to the area.

Despite this progress, However, There are still challenges facing residents of Iwo including high levels of poverty and unemployment rates especially among young people who make up more than half of its population. Overall though with its rich history, Vibrant markets, Notable landmarks and ongoing development projects, Iwo is a fascinating city that offers visitors a glimpse into the diverse and dynamic culture of Nigeria.

Important Landmarks

  1. Iwo Jima Memorial Park: This park commemorates the World War II battle of Iwo Jima and features a statue of soldiers raising the American flag.
  2. Oluwo’s Palace: The palace is home to the traditional ruler of Iwoland, Oba Abdulrasheed Adewale Akanbi Telu.
  3. Erin-Ile Waterfalls: Located on the outskirts of Iwo, this waterfall is a popular spot for picnics and relaxation.
  4. Idi-Omo Rock Formation: This rock formation has been described as one of nature’s wonders and attracts tourists from all over Nigeria.
  5. Olumirin Waterfalls (Erin-Ijesha): This waterfall is located about 30 km from Iwo and is a popular destination for tourists who want to explore nature.
  6. Ayinkunugba Waterfall: Another waterfall located near Iwo that offers beautiful scenery and an opportunity to relax amidst nature.
  7. Ife Museum: Located in nearby Ife, this museum houses artifacts from ancient civilizations that once inhabited the area around Iwo.
  8. Osun-Osogbo Sacred Grove: A UNESCO World Heritage Site located about 40 km from Iwo that features sacred shrines, sculptures, and artwork dedicated to Yoruba deities.

Primary Industries

  1. Iwo is a city situated in Osun State, Nigeria.
  2. It is renowned for its fertile land which makes it an agricultural hub where major crops like cassava, yam, maize and vegetables are grown.
  3. Apart from agriculture, Iwo has a bustling market where traders sell various goods such as food items, clothing, electronics and household items.
  4. There are also several schools ranging from primary to tertiary institutions in the city.
  5. Healthcare services are provided by hospitals and clinics that cater to the medical needs of residents.
  6. Artisanal miners extract gold from mines in the area while some textile factories located within the city produce clothes for local consumption and exportation.
  7. Transport companies operate within Iwo providing transportation services to commuters both within and outside the state.
  8. The hospitality industry is also thriving with hotels and restaurants providing accommodation as well as food services to visitors passing through or staying in the city.

Museums and Things To See

  1. The Palace of Oluwo of Iwo: This is the official residence of the traditional ruler of Iwo Kingdom and is a must-visit place for tourists.
  2. Osun-Osogbo Sacred Grove: This is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in Osogbo, close to Iwo town. It’s a sacred forest with several shrines and sculptures dedicated to Yoruba deities.
  3. National Museum of Unity: This museum is located in the nearby city of Ife and showcases the history and culture of Nigeria’s diverse ethnic groups.
  4. Nike Art Gallery: This art center has a branch in Osogbo where visitors can see and buy traditional African art pieces.
  5. Erin-Ijesha Waterfalls: These waterfalls are about 40 km from Iwo town and offer breathtaking views for nature lovers.
  6. Olumirin Waterfalls: Another waterfall attraction close to Iwo town that visitors shouldn’t miss out on seeing.
  7. Oduduwa Shrine Complex: Located within Ife city, this complex houses several important Yoruba religious sites including the ancient palace ruins believed to be where Oduduwa founded his kingdom centuries ago.
  8. Oke Maria Catholic Retreat Centre: A serene place for spiritual retreats with beautiful scenery.

Cultural Events

  1. Oro Festival: This is a traditional festival celebrated by the people of Iwo that lasts for seven days. It involves masquerades.
  2. Egungun Festival: This is another traditional festival celebrated by the people of Iwo to honor ancestors and spirits through masquerades.
  3. Olojo Festival: This annual festival is celebrated in October by the people of Ile-Ife, near Iwo town, to mark the creation of the world according to Yoruba mythology.
  4. Osun-Osogbo Festival: Celebrated annually in August in Osogbo town near Iwo, this festival honors river goddess Osun and attracts visitors from across Nigeria.
  5. Eid al-Fitr: Muslims in Iwo celebrate this Islamic holiday with prayers, feasts and gift-giving as it marks the end of Ramadan fasting.
  6. Christmas celebration takes place on 25th December every year where Christians celebrate Jesus Christ’s birth with religious services as well as family gatherings and feasting.
  7. New Yam Festival (Iwude-Ijesa): A harvest celebration held annually between August-September where yams are offered to gods for blessings on new crops before they’re eaten or sold at markets.



  1. Amala and ewedu soup
  2. Pounded yam and egusi soup
  3. Suya (grilled meat)
  4. Eba and okro soup
  5. Ofada rice with stew


  1. Olaoluwa Restaurant
  2. Mama Tobi’s Kitchen
  3. Adebisi Restaurant & Bar
  4. The Place Restaurant & Bar
  5. Olubunmi canteen

Parks and Recreation

  1. Ayedire Park is a popular public park located in the heart of Iwo town that offers a serene environment for relaxation and recreation.
  2. The palace grounds of the Oluwo of Iwo are also a popular spot for recreational activities such as picnics and outdoor games.
  3. There are several football fields scattered around the town where locals gather to play football.
  4. Various cultural festivals are held throughout the year in Iwo which offer opportunities for recreation and entertainment such as music, dance, and traditional sports like wrestling.
  5. The local markets in Iwo offer a unique experience for visitors who want to explore the local culture while shopping for souvenirs or trying out local delicacies.
  6. There are several hiking trails around the town that offer scenic views of the surrounding landscape and wildlife spotting opportunities.

Please note that this information may not be up-to-date or accurate as it is based on my database knowledge only. It is always advisable to check current information from reliable sources before planning any trip or visiting any location mentioned above.


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