La Asunción, Venezuela

Reading Time: 7 minutes

La Asunción, Venezuela

Region: Nueva Esparta

Geographic Coordinates: 11.033300, -63.862800
Temperature Range: 20.0°C to 32.0°C (68°F to 90°F)
Population: 117513
Language: Spanish

La Asunción is a historic city situated on the eastern coast of Venezuela in the state of Nueva Esparta. The city was established in 1565 by Spanish conquistador Alonso de Mercadillo and served as Margarita Island’s capital until 1901. La Asunción is famous for its stunning colonial architecture, Colorful houses, Museums, And cultural events. One of the most iconic landmarks in La Asunción is Santa Rosa Castle built in the early 17th century to protect against pirate attacks.

Visitors can climb up to the top of the castle to enjoy panoramic views of Margarita Island and learn about its history at an onsite museum. Another must-see attraction in La Asunción is Our Lady of Assumption Cathedral dating back to 1570 and featuring stunning Baroque architecture. The cathedral houses several religious artifacts including a statue of Saint Rose brought over from Spain.

For those interested in learning more about local history and culture, There are several museums worth visiting such as Museum Francisco Narvaez showcasing works by Venezuelan sculptor Francisco Narvaez as well as other contemporary artists from around Latin America. Museum Casa Natal del General Santiago Mariño honors one of Venezuela’s most important military leaders who played a key role in gaining independence from Spain. In addition to its rich cultural heritage, La Asunción also offers visitors plenty of opportunities for outdoor recreation such as Playa el

Agua – one of Margarita Island’s most popular beaches with crystal clear waters ideal for swimming or snorkeling. There are also several hiking trails throughout nearby Cerro Copey National Park where visitors can spot exotic birds like toucans and parrots. no visit to La Asunción would be complete without sampling some traditional Venezuelan cuisine such as arepas (corn cakes filled with cheese or meat), Empanadas (fried or baked turnovers filled with meat, Cheese, Or vegetables), And cachapas (sweet corn pancakes).

There are several restaurants in the city that specialize in these dishes as well as fresh seafood caught off the coast of Margarita Island. Overall, La Asunción is a charming city offering visitors a unique blend of history, Culture, And natural beauty. Whether you’re interested in exploring its colonial architecture or soaking up the sun on its beautiful beaches, There’s something for everyone to enjoy in this vibrant Venezuelan destination.

Important Landmarks

  1. Basilica of Our Lady of the Assumption: This is a beautiful church that dates back to the 16th century and is one of the most important landmarks in La Asunción.
  2. Castillo San Carlos de Borromeo: This historic castle was built in the 17th century and offers stunning views of the city.
  3. Casa Natal del General Juan Bautista Arismendi: This museum is dedicated to one of Venezuela’s most important historical figures and showcases his life and legacy.
  4. Museo Nueva Cádiz: This museum displays artifacts from the ancient city of Nueva Cádiz, which was destroyed by a tsunami in 1541.
  5. Plaza Bolívar: Located in the heart of La Asunción, this plaza features a statue of Simón Bolívar, Venezuela’s liberator.
  6. Parque Nacional Cerro El Copey: This national park offers hiking trails, beautiful scenery, and stunning views from its summit.
  7. Playa el Agua: Located just outside La Asunción, this beach is known for its crystal clear waters and white sand beaches.
  8. Fortín de la Galera: Built in the 18th century to protect against pirate attacks, this fort offers great views over Margarita Island’s coastline.
  9. Laguna de la Restinga National Park: Located on Margarita Island’s eastern coast, this park features mangrove swamps and lagoons that are home to a wide variety of wildlife species.
  10. Pampatar Old Town: Just a short drive from La Asunción lies Pampatar Old Town with its colonial architecture and charming streets filled with shops selling local crafts and souvenirs.

Primary Industries

  1. La Asunción is the capital city of Nueva Esparta state in Venezuela.
  2. The major industries and businesses in La Asunción include:
    • Tourism
    • Agriculture
    • Fishing
    • Handicrafts
  3. Tourism is a significant industry in La Asunción due to its historical significance as the first Spanish settlement on Margarita Island.
  4. The city has several landmarks that attract tourists such as:
    • Santa Rosa Castle
    • Our Lady of Assumption Cathedral
    • Bolivar Square
  5. Agriculture is also an important industry in La Asunción due to its fertile soil.
  6. Crops such as corn, beans, yucca, and fruits are grown here.
  7. Fishing is another significant industry due to its location near the sea.
  8. Handicrafts are also produced by local artisans in La Asunción.
  9. These include pottery items like plates and vases made from clay sourced from nearby mines.
  10. Overall, tourism remains the primary source of income for most businesses in La Asunción.

Noteable History

  1. La Asunción was founded in 1565 by Spanish conquistador Diego de Mazariegos.
  2. The Battle of Matasiete took place on March 19, 1816, during Venezuela’s War of Independence and was a decisive victory for the patriots against the Spanish royalists.
  3. Francisco Esteban Gómez, born in La Asunción in 1864, served as President of Venezuela from 1908 to 1913.
  4. Juan Bautista Arismendi, born in La Asunción in 1775, played a key role in Venezuela’s struggle for independence from Spain as a military leader and politician.
  5. Luisa Cáceres de Arismendi was the wife of Juan Bautista Arismendi and a heroine of Venezuela’s War of Independence who spent several years as a prisoner under harsh conditions but never lost her spirit or courage.
  6. The Cathedral Basilica Our Lady Of Assumption is one of the most notable landmarks in La Asunción and is considered one of the oldest churches in South America, having been built between 1570 and 1577.
  7. The Museo Nueva Cadiz houses artifacts from Nueva Cadiz, an ancient city that once stood on Margarita Island near La Asunción before being destroyed by earthquakes and tidal waves over five centuries ago.
  8. The Virgin del Valle Festival is celebrated every year on September 8th in honor of their patron saint with music, dancing, food and a procession featuring the Virgin del Valle.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Casa Natal y Museo de Juan Bautista Arismendi – a birthplace and museum dedicated to the life of Venezuelan patriot Juan Bautista Arismendi.
  2. Catedral de Nuestra Señora de La Asunción – a beautiful cathedral built in the 17th century with a mix of colonial and neoclassical architecture.
  3. Castillo San Carlos de Borromeo – a historic fortification built in the 17th century to protect against pirates and privateers.
  4. Museo Diocesano – a museum showcasing religious art, artifacts, and history from the region.
  5. Casa Guaiquerí Museum – a museum dedicated to preserving the culture and history of the indigenous Guaiquerí people who once inhabited Margarita Island.
  6. Centro Cultural Francisco Lárez Granado – an art center that hosts exhibitions, concerts, theater performances, workshops, and other cultural events throughout the year.
  7. Parque Nacional Laguna de la Restinga – a national park known for its mangrove swamps, lagoons, beaches, and diverse wildlife such as flamingos and dolphins.
  8. Basilica Menor del Valle del Espíritu Santo – a beautiful basilica built in honor of Our Lady of Mercy that features stunning stained glass windows depicting scenes from Margarita Island’s history.
  9. Plaza Bolivar La Asunción – a charming plaza located in the heart of town that features statues honoring Simon Bolivar (Venezuela’s liberator) as well as other notable figures from Venezuelan history.
  10. Playa El Agua- one of Margarita Island’s most popular beaches with white sand shores lined with palm trees where visitors can enjoy water sports or simply relax under an umbrella while sipping on coconut water or cold beer!

Cultural Events

  1. Fiesta de San Juan Bautista: This festival is celebrated on June 24th every year and is a religious celebration in honor of Saint John the Baptist.
  2. Carnaval de La Asunción: This carnival is celebrated in February or March and features colorful parades, music, dancing, and traditional costumes.
  3. Festival Internacional de Teatro: This international theater festival takes place in November and showcases performances from local and international theater groups.
  4. Feria del Libro: The book fair takes place every year in April or May and features presentations by local authors, book signings, workshops, readings, and other literary events.
  5. Festival de la Virgen del Valle: This festival honors the patron saint of Margarita Island (where La Asunción is located) with processions, masses, music performances, dances, fireworks displays.
  6. Semana Santa: Holy Week celebrations take place throughout Venezuela but are particularly significant in La Asunción where they feature processions with religious statues through the streets of the town.
  7. Festival Nacional del Calipso y la Parranda: This national music festival celebrates calypso music which has its roots in Afro-Venezuelan culture. It takes place every year in July or August with concerts featuring some of Venezuela’s top calypso musicians as well as dance competitions showcasing traditional Afro-Venezuelan dances such as parranda.


  • Arepera El Buen Sabor: This restaurant is known for its delicious arepas, a traditional Venezuelan dish made of cornmeal dough and filled with various ingredients.
  • La Casa de Esther: This restaurant serves traditional Venezuelan dishes such as pabellón criollo (shredded beef, black beans, rice, and plantains), as well as seafood dishes.
  • El Rincón del Sabor: This restaurant offers a variety of Venezuelan dishes such as empanadas (stuffed pastries), cachapas (corn pancakes), and grilled meats.
  • Cachapas y Mas: As the name suggests, this restaurant specializes in cachapas but also offers other Venezuelan dishes such as arepas and tequeños (cheese-filled fried dough).
  • Restaurante El Guayoyo: This restaurant serves a mix of international and Venezuelan cuisine with an emphasis on fresh seafood.
  • La Casa de las Empanadas: As the name implies, this restaurant is known for its empanadas but also offers other typical Venezuelan snacks like tequeños and patacones (fried plantain slices).
  • Donde Martina: This cozy spot is known for its homemade soups, stews, and grilled meats cooked over an open flame.
  • Panadería y Pastelería Los Hermanos Rondón: In addition to baked goods like breads and pastries, this bakery also sells traditional Venezuelan snacks like tequeños and cachitos (croissants filled with ham or cheese).

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Parque Nacional Cerro el Copey – A national park that offers hiking trails, scenic views, and the opportunity to spot wildlife.
    2. Plaza Bolívar – A public square located in the center of La Asunción that features historical monuments and events.
    3. Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Francisco Narváez – An art museum that showcases contemporary Venezuelan artists.
    4. Playa El Agua – A popular beach destination where visitors can swim, sunbathe and participate in water sports.
    5. Jardín Botánico del Estado Nueva Esparta – A botanical garden that displays local flora and fauna.
    6. Parque Nacional Laguna de La Restinga – A national park with mangrove forests, birdwatching opportunities, and boat tours through the lagoon.
    7. Casa Natal del General Juan Bautista Arismendi – A historic home museum dedicated to the life of this Venezuelan independence hero.
    8. Paseo Guaraguao y Playa Moreno – This seaside promenade is lined with shops, restaurants, and bars overlooking the ocean making it a great place to relax while enjoying a meal or drink.
    9. Centro Cultural Esteban Charpentier – An arts center offering exhibitions on various topics such as painting or photography.
    10. Parque Diverland – An amusement park featuring rides for kids of all ages including roller coasters!


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