Navoiy, Uzbekistan

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Navoiy, Uzbekistan

Region: Navoiy Region

Geographic Coordinates: 40.084400, 65.379200
Temperature Range: -30.0°C to 40.0°C (-22°F to 104°F)
Climate: Dry and arid with hot summers and cold winters.
Population: 134100
Language: Uzbek

Navoiy is a city located in the central part of Uzbekistan. It was founded in 1958 as a mining town and named after the famous Uzbek poet and philosopher Alisher Navoiy. Today, It is one of the largest cities in Uzbekistan with a population of over 200, 000 people. The city’s economy relies on its rich mineral resources, Particularly gold and uranium. The Navoi Mining and Metallurgical Combine is one of the largest gold producers globally and plays an essential role in Uzbekistan’s economy. Agriculture also contributes to Navoiy’s economy, With cotton being one of its main crops.

Navoiy has several notable landmarks that attract tourists from all over the world. One such landmark is Sultan Ali Mausoleum, Built during the Timurid dynasty in honor of Sultan Ali who was a prominent figure during that time period. The mausoleum features intricate tile work and beautiful calligraphy. Another popular attraction is Nuratau Mountains National Park which offers stunning views of nature including waterfalls, Canyons, Lakes, And forests. Visitors can also explore ancient ruins dating back to Zoroastrian times at Chashma Complex or visit Aydarkul Lake where they can swim or go boating.

Navoiy has a rich cultural heritage that reflects its history as an important center for trade along the Silk Road route between China and Europe. The city has many museums dedicated to preserving this history including Navoi Regional Museum which showcases artifacts from different periods throughout Uzbekistan’s history. The people of Navoiy are known for their hospitality towards visitors making it easy for tourists to feel welcome while exploring everything this vibrant city has to offer. Traditional dishes like plov (rice pilaf) are popular among locals as well as visitors who want to experience authentic Uzbek cuisine.

Navoiy offers visitors an opportunity to explore both its rich cultural heritage and natural beauty. The city’s history as a mining town has contributed to its economic growth, But it is the warm hospitality of its people that leaves a lasting impression on those who visit. Whether you’re interested in exploring ancient ruins or enjoying the stunning views from Nuratau Mountains National Park, Navoiy has something for everyone.

Important Landmarks

  1. Nuratau Mountains
  2. Kyzylkum Desert
  3. Zarafshan Mountains
  4. Sultan Uvays Bobo Mausoleum
  5. Jarkurgan Minaret
  6. Sarmyshsay Petroglyphs
  7. Karmana Observatory
  8. Navoiy Regional Museum of Local Lore and History

Primary Industries

  1. Mining: Navoi Mining and Metallurgical Combinat (NMMC) is the largest mining company in Uzbekistan. It produces gold, silver, copper, zinc, lead and uranium.
  2. Chemicals: The Navoiazot chemical complex produces a range of chemicals including ammonia, urea and nitric acid.
  3. Textiles: The city has several textile factories that produce cotton yarns and fabrics.
  4. Agriculture: Agriculture is an important sector in Navoiy with crops such as cotton, wheat and vegetables being grown.
  5. Construction materials: There are several companies producing construction materials such as cement blocks and bricks.
  6. Transportation: The city has a railway station connecting it to other parts of Uzbekistan as well as neighboring countries like Kazakhstan.
  7. Services sector: Various service-oriented businesses operate within the city including hotels, restaurants, banks and retail stores.

Noteable History

  1. Navoiy, Uzbekistan was named after Alisher Navoiy, a famous poet and writer from Uzbekistan who lived during the Timurid era. He was born in Herat, Afghanistan but spent most of his life in Samarkand.
  2. The city was founded in 1958 as a major industrial center for Uzbekistan and during Soviet times it was known as Kagan (Каган) and played an important role in uranium mining.
  3. Navoiy has several museums dedicated to Alisher Navoiy, including his mausoleum complex which is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  4. In addition to this, Navoi International Airport opened its doors back in 2006 and serves as a significant transportation hub for Central Asia.
  5. The city is home to several large industrial complexes such as the Navoiazot chemical plant that produces fertilizers and other chemicals.
  6. Notable athletes from Navoiy include Olympic wrestler Artur Taymazov and football player Sherzod Karimov.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Navoiy Regional Museum of Local Lore is a museum that showcases the history, culture, and traditions of the Navoiy region.
  2. Alisher Navoiy Park is a beautiful park with lush greenery, fountains, and sculptures dedicated to the famous Uzbek poet Alisher Navoiy.
  3. The Palace of Culture named after Khamid Alimjan is an art center that hosts various cultural events such as concerts, exhibitions, and performances.
  4. The Mausoleum of Sheikh Burhaneddin is a historical monument built in honor of Sheikh Burhaneddin who was a prominent Sufi scholar in the 14th century.
  5. Karmana Observatory is an astronomical observatory located near the town of Karmana which is open for public tours and stargazing sessions.
  6. Nuratau Mountains Nature Reserve is a protected area known for its diverse flora and fauna including rare species like snow leopards and ibexes.
  7. The Chashma Complex is a religious site that features several ancient buildings including mosques, mausoleums, and tombs dating back to the 9th century AD.

Cultural Events

  1. Navoiy Theater Festival – an annual event that celebrates the performing arts, including theater, dance, and music.
  2. Navoiy Crafts Fair – a showcase of traditional Uzbek handicrafts such as ceramics, textiles, and woodwork.
  3. Navruz Festival – a springtime celebration that marks the Persian New Year and features traditional music, dancing, and food.
  4. International Jazz Festival – an annual event that attracts jazz musicians from around the world to perform in Navoiy.
  5. Silk Road Music Festival – a showcase of traditional music from along the historic Silk Road trade route.
  6. National Horse Games Festival – a celebration of horsemanship featuring competitions in various equestrian disciplines.
  7. Independence Day Celebration – an annual event held on September 1st to commemorate Uzbekistan’s independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
  8. Navoiy Literature Days – a festival celebrating Uzbek literature with readings, book signings, and discussions with prominent authors and poets.
  9. Shavkat Mirziyoyev Cup Football Tournament – An international football tournament hosted by FC Navbahor Namangan which invites teams from around Asia to participate every year in July-August time frame
  10. Navoi Marathon – An annual marathon race organized by local authorities which invites runners from all over Uzbekistan to participate in various categories ranging for kids to adults


  • Plov – a rice dish cooked with meat, carrots, onions and spices.
  • Shashlik – grilled skewered meat (usually lamb or beef) served with bread and vegetables.
  • Lagman – a soup made with hand-pulled noodles, vegetables and meat.
  • Samsa – a baked pastry filled with minced meat or potatoes.

Some popular restaurants in Navoiy serving these dishes are:

  1. Plov Center Navoiy
  2. Shashlyk House
  3. Lagman House
  4. Samarkand Restaurant

Parks and Recreation

  1. Park named after Zulfiya: a popular public park in Navoiy, named after the famous Uzbek poetess Zulfiya.
  2. Navoiy Central Park: another popular public park in Navoiy, featuring a large lake, walking paths, and various recreational activities.
  3. Kyzylkum Desert National Park: located just outside of Navoiy, this national park offers hiking trails and scenic views of the desert landscape.
  4. Karmana Recreation Area: a popular spot for picnicking and camping located just outside of Navoiy.
  5. Aydar Lake: a large man-made lake located near Navoiy that offers fishing, boating, and other water activities.
  6. Chashma Complex: a historic site in Navoiy that features ancient ruins and beautiful gardens for visitors to explore.
  7. Baysuntau Mountains Natural Reserve: located about 100 km from Navoiy, this nature reserve offers hiking trails with stunning views of the surrounding mountains and valleys.


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