Nyanza, Rwanda

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Nyanza, Rwanda

Region: Nyanza

Geographic Coordinates: -2.350000, 29.733300
Temperature Range: 15.0°C to 30.0°C (59°F to 86°F)
Population: 225209
Language: Kinyarwanda

Nyanza is a small town located in the Southern Province of Rwanda, Approximately 100 kilometers south of Kigali, The capital city. The town has a population of around 20, 000 people and is known for its rich cultural heritage and historical significance. Previously serving as the capital city until it was moved to Kigali in 1962, Nyanza boasts historical significance. The King’s Palace Museum showcases traditional life during Rwandan monarchs’ reigns with various artifacts such as royal regalia and traditional musical instruments. Aside from its history, Nyanza also offers natural beauty with lush green hills surrounding it.

The nearby Nyungwe Forest National Park provides an opportunity to experience nature up close through hiking trails filled with exotic flora and fauna. Nyanza’s location makes it an ideal base for exploring other nearby attractions such as Lake Kivu or visiting genocide memorials like Murambi Genocide Memorial Centre which commemorates victims from one district who were killed during the genocide against Tutsi in 1994. With new hotels opening up to cater for tourists visiting this area and plans underway to construct a new airport near Nyanza, Infrastructure development has been making significant strides over recent years.

Agriculture remains a significant part of the town’s economy where farmers grow crops such as coffee beans and tea leaves on fertile land surrounding Nyanza. Overall, Visitors can expect a unique blend of history and culture combined with stunning natural beauty when exploring Rwanda’s rich heritage at Nyanza.

Important Landmarks

  1. King’s Palace Museum
  2. National Art Gallery
  3. Ethnographic Museum of Rwanda
  4. Butare Cathedral
  5. Gikongoro Genocide Memorial Centre
  6. Nyungwe Forest National Park
  7. Lake Kivu
  8. Akagera National Park
  9. Inema Arts Center
  10. Rwanda National Museum

Primary Industries

  1. Nyanza, Rwanda is primarily an agricultural region with maize, beans, sorghum, and cassava being the major crops grown.
  2. The region also has a significant livestock sector with cattle and goats being the main animals reared.
  3. In addition to agriculture, there are some small-scale industries in Nyanza such as brick-making and carpentry.
  4. The region is also home to several small businesses including shops selling foodstuffs and household items.
  5. Overall, however, Nyanza’s economy is largely based on subsistence farming with little industrial or commercial activity.

Noteable History

  1. Rwabugiri: He was a king of Rwanda from 1867 to 1895, known for his military conquests and expansion of the kingdom.
  2. German colonization: In 1890, Germany established a protectorate over Rwanda that lasted until World War I.
  3. Belgian colonization: After World War I, Belgium took control of Rwanda as part of its League of Nations mandate to administer Ruanda-Urundi (which also included Burundi).
  4. Rwandan Genocide: In 1994, Nyanza experienced significant violence during the genocide.
  5. Paul Kagame: He is a former military leader who has served as President since 2000 and has been credited with leading the country’s recovery after the genocide.
  6. Kigeli V Ndahindurwa: He was the last king before it became a republic in 1961 and died in exile in Virginia, United States in October 2016.
  7. National Art Museum (Rwesero): This museum showcases traditional art forms including pottery, basketry, and woodcarving among others.
  8. Nyanza Royal Palace Museum : The palace was home to King Mutara III Rudahigwa until his death in July 1959 after which it became an important national monument showcasing traditional architecture.
  9. The Nyungwe Forest National Park : It is one largest montane rainforest remaining on earth covering over an area approximately twice size as New York City.
  10. The Gisakura Tea Estate : Located near Nyungwe Forest Reserve this tea estate offers visitors guided tours through their tea plantations where they can learn about how tea is grown harvested processed and packaged.

Museums and Things To See

  1. National Museum of Rwanda in Huye
  2. Ethnographic Museum of Rwanda in Butare
  3. Kigali Genocide Memorial Center in Kigali
  4. Rugezi Marsh Wetlands in Musanze District
  5. Inema Arts Center in Kigali
  6. Nyungwe Forest National Park
  7. Gishwati-Mukura National Park
  8. Lake Kivu
  9. Akagera National Park
  10. King’s Palace Museum (Rukari) in Nyanza District

Sports Teams

  1. Unfortunately, I do not have access to current sports teams and their histories in specific regions like Nyanza, Rwanda.
  2. However, I suggest checking local news outlets or contacting the Rwandan National Olympic and Sports Committee for more information.

Cultural Events

  1. Kwita Izina – A gorilla naming ceremony held annually in June.
  2. Umuganura – A harvest festival celebrated in August to give thanks for a successful harvest.
  3. The Kigali Up Festival – An annual music festival that takes place every July in Kigali.
  4. FESPAD – A Pan-African dance festival held every two years in different African countries.
  5. The Rwanda Film Festival – An annual event showcasing local and international films.
  6. The National Heroes Day – Celebrated on February 1st each year to honor and remember national heroes who sacrificed their lives for their country’s freedom and development.
  7. Genocide Memorial Week – Held from April 7th-13th each year to commemorate the genocide against Tutsi victims who were killed during the 1994 Rwandan Genocide.

Note: It’s important to check with official sources or local authorities for updates on events due to COVID-19 restrictions or other unforeseen circumstances that may cause changes or cancellations of these events/festivals mentioned above.


  1. Isombe – a dish made from mashed cassava leaves, beans, and other vegetables.
  2. Ibiharage – a dish made from boiled beans mixed with onions and tomato sauce.
  3. Umutsima – a dish made from maize flour mixed with water to form a porridge-like consistency.
  4. Igisafuriya – a sweet potato-based dish that is mashed and served with beans or meat.
  5. Inyama n’ibitoke (meat and plantains) – grilled meat served with fried plantains.

Some popular restaurants in Nyanza, Rwanda include:

  1. Hotel Les Colombes
  2. Hotel Ibis Styles Kigali
  3. The Manor Hotel
  4. Hôtel des Mille Collines
  5. Kigali Serena Hotel

Parks and Recreation

  1. Akagera National Park is situated in the eastern part of Rwanda and provides visitors with a range of recreational activities, such as game drives, bird watching, boat rides, and guided nature walks.
  2. Nyungwe Forest National Park is located in the southwestern region of Rwanda and offers various leisure activities like chimpanzee tracking, canopy walks, bird watching, and hiking.
  3. Lake Kivu stretches across the border between Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo and offers an array of recreational activities such as swimming, boating, fishing, water skiing, and jet skiing.
  4. Gishwati-Mukura National Park can be found in the west of Rwanda and provides visitors with a chance to explore bamboo forests on hiking trails that offer views of waterfalls.
  5. Volcanoes National Park is situated near Uganda’s border in northern Rwanda offering gorilla trekking experience to visitors.
  6. King Faisal Hospital Recreational Center is located in Kigali city center with facilities for indoor sports like tennis court etc.
  7. Amahoro Stadium hosts various sporting events including football matches.
  8. Kigali Memorial Centre is a historical site that showcases Rwandan history during genocide times.
  9. Inema Arts Center is an art gallery that showcases local art talent.
  10. Mount Karisimbi Hiking Trail offers a challenging hike trail for adventurous hikers with beautiful views at its peak.


Leave Footprints In The Sand.

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