Turku, Finland

Reading Time: 7 minutes

Turku, Finland

Region: Southwest Finland

Geographic Coordinates: 60.450000, 22.266700
Temperature Range: -40.0°C to 30.0°C (-40°F to 86°F)
Climate: Cold winters, mild summers, and frequent rainfall throughout the year.
Population: 252468
Language: Finnish

Turku is a picturesque city located in southwestern Finland, Situated at the mouth of the Aura River. It holds the title of being Finland’s oldest city and boasts a rich history that dates back to medieval times. Turku was once the capital of Finland and played an instrumental role in shaping Finnish culture and identity. The city is renowned for its stunning archipelago, Which comprises over 20, 000 islands. It can be easily accessed by ferry from Turku’s harbor, Making it an ideal destination for nature enthusiasts and outdoor adventurers alike.

The islands offer opportunities for hiking, Fishing, Canoeing, Kayaking, And sailing. Turku also features some impressive landmarks that attract visitors from all around the world. One such landmark is Turku Castle – one of Scandinavia’s largest surviving medieval castles. Built in the 13th century as an important military stronghold during various wars throughout history. Another must-visit attraction is Turku Cathedral – one of Finland’s most significant religious buildings. This beautiful cathedral was constructed in the late 13th century and features stunning Gothic architecture with intricate details on its exterior walls.

In addition to its historical landmarks, Turku has a vibrant cultural scene with numerous museums showcasing Finnish art, Design, History science & technology. Aboa Vetus & Ars Nova Museum combines contemporary art with archaeological finds from ancient Turku. Visitors can also indulge their taste buds at traditional Finnish restaurants serving hearty dishes like reindeer stew or salmon soup along with other Scandinavian specialties like smoked fish platters or Swedish meatballs! Overall, Turk offers a perfect blend of history, Culture, And natural beauty that makes it an ideal destination for travelers seeking a unique & authentic Finnish experience.’

Important Landmarks

  1. Turku Castle
  2. Turku Cathedral
  3. Aboa Vetus & Ars Nova Museum
  4. Luostarinmäki Handicrafts Museum
  5. Forum Marinum Maritime Centre
  6. Turku Art Museum
  7. The Old Great Square (Vanha Suurtori)
  8. Market Hall (Kauppahalli)
  9. The Archipelago Trail
  10. Turku City Theatre

Primary Industries

  1. Technology: Turku boasts a thriving technology sector, with companies like Nokia, Teleste Corporation, and Meyer Turku operating in the city.
  2. Healthcare: The healthcare industry is also significant in Turku with companies such as Orion Pharma and Abacus Diagnostica having their headquarters there.
  3. Education: As a university town, education is a major industry in Turku. The University of Turku is one of the oldest and largest universities in Finland.
  4. Tourism: With its picturesque archipelago and historical landmarks such as the Turku Castle, tourism also plays an important role in the economy of Turku.
  5. Maritime Industry: As a port city on the Baltic Sea, maritime industry plays an important role as well with companies like Meyer Werft Shipyard operating here.
  6. Food Industry: Food processing plants are another significant business line in this region with companies such as HKScan operating here.
  7. Creative Industries: Design firms are also popular among entrepreneurs who work to provide innovative solutions to various sectors including but not limited to architecture & interior designing services etc.

Noteable History

  1. Turku Castle: This castle was constructed in the 13th century and served as the residence for Finnish kings until the 17th century.
  2. The Great Fire of Turku: In 1827, a devastating fire destroyed most of the city center, leading to significant rebuilding efforts.
  3. Johan Ludvig Runeberg: A renowned poet and author, Runeberg lived in Turku for many years and wrote some of his most famous works there.
  4. Aura River: The river running through Turku played a crucial role in its history, serving as an essential trade route and power source for industries like paper mills.
  5. Tuomiokirkko (Turku Cathedral): This iconic cathedral was established in the late 13th century and remains one of Finland’s most important religious sites.
  6. Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim: A soldier who later became Finland’s president, Mannerheim spent time in Turku during his military career.
  7. Åbo Akademi University: Founded in 1918, this Swedish-language university is located in Turku and is one of Finland’s oldest institutions of higher education.
  8. Mikael Agricola: Agricola was a Lutheran bishop who translated the Bible into Finnish; he lived much of his life in Turku.
  9. Kupittaa Park: Since opening over a century ago on the outskirts of town, this large park has been an important gathering place for locals.
  10. Turun Sanomat newspaper: Olof Eriksson Salmela founded it on August 1st, 1829 at Turku making it one of Europe’s oldest newspapers published continuously.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Turku Castle is a medieval castle that was built in the 13th century and now serves as a museum.
  2. The Turku Art Museum showcases Finnish and international contemporary art.
  3. The Wäinö Aaltonen Museum of Art is dedicated to the works of Finnish sculptor Wäinö Aaltonen.
  4. Turku Cathedral is an iconic cathedral that dates back to the 13th century, known for its Gothic architecture and historical significance.
  5. The Luostarinmäki Handicrafts Museum is an open-air museum showcasing traditional Finnish handicrafts and daily life in the 18th and 19th centuries.
  6. The Forum Marinum Maritime Centre is a maritime museum featuring historic ships, boats, and other marine artifacts.
  7. The Pharmacy Museum and Qwensel House is a historic pharmacy building turned into a museum showcasing the history of medicine in Finland.
  8. The Turku Market Square is the central market square of Turku where locals gather to buy fresh produce, flowers, crafts, souvenirs, etc.
  9. Kakolanmäki Hill Park & Prison Museum used to be an old prison that has been transformed into a park with great views over the city.
  10. The Turun taidemuseo (Turku Art Museum) is one of Finland’s oldest art museums with an extensive collection ranging from classical works to modern masterpieces.

Sports Teams

  1. TPS Turku (Turun Palloseura) was founded in 1922 and is one of the most successful sports clubs in Finland. The club has teams competing in football, ice hockey, volleyball, and floorball.
  2. FC Inter Turku was established in 1990 after a merger between two local football clubs. Since then, they have become one of the top teams in Finnish football with three Finnish Cup wins and two league runner-up finishes.
  3. HC TPS (Turun Palloseura) is the ice hockey team of TPS founded in 1955 that has won nine Finnish championships so far.
  4. Åbo IFK is a multi-sport club established back in 1891 and is among the oldest sports clubs in Finland with teams competing across various disciplines like athletics, gymnastics, handball, orienteering, skiing and swimming.
  5. TuTo Hockey was created as a junior team for TPS Ice Hockey Club players who were too old for youth leagues but not yet ready for senior level play; TuTo played their first game against Kiekko-67 on October 31st ,1958 at Kupittaa Ice Hall.
  6. Turun Weikot is another multi-sport club founded over a century ago (1908), with teams competing across various disciplines including athletics and gymnastics amongst others.
  7. Turku Titans American Football Team was established relatively recently back In 2010; they compete within Vaahteraliiga -the highest level of American Football competition within Finland.
  8. Turku Trojans Baseball Club was established back In early nineties; they compete within SM-Sarja –the highest level baseball competition with Finland
  9. FBC Turku Floorball Team stands for FloorBall Club; it was established back in 2002 and has been a regular fixture of Finnish Floorball League ever since.
  10. Turku Eagles Rugby Club was established back in the early 2000s and is one of the most successful rugby clubs within Finland.

Cultural Events

  1. Turku Music Festival is a classical music festival that occurs annually in August.
  2. The Medieval Market is a historical market and festival held every July, showcasing medieval crafts, food, and entertainment.
  3. Turku Animated Film Festival is an international animation film festival that takes place yearly in August.
  4. During December, traditional Christmas markets are held in the city center.
  5. Vappu (May Day) celebrations are popular spring festivals celebrated on May 1st throughout the city with picnics, parties, and other events.
  6. Turku Jazz Festival is an annual jazz music festival that takes place in March or April.
  7. The Ruisrock Festival is one of Finland’s oldest rock festivals and occurs every July on the island of Ruissalo outside Turku.
  8. Turun Taiteiden Yö (Turku Arts Night) is a cultural event that happens every August where museums and galleries stay open late into the night with various art installations around town.
  9. Turun keskiaikamarkkinat (Turku Medieval Market) happens for four days at end of June featuring live performances including jousting tournaments as part of its medieval market festivities.


  • Ravintola Kaskis – known for its modern Finnish cuisine using local and seasonal ingredients.
  • Smör – a fine dining restaurant offering Nordic-inspired dishes with a focus on seafood.
  • Tintå – a cozy bistro serving traditional Finnish dishes such as reindeer, salmon, and mushroom soup.
  • Kakolanruusu – located in an old prison, this restaurant offers a unique dining experience with classic Finnish dishes like meatballs and mashed potatoes.
  • Kuori – known for its vegetarian and vegan options, this restaurant uses fresh ingredients to create healthy and delicious meals inspired by Nordic cuisine.
  • Restaurant Teini – offers traditional Finnish food like pea soup, meatballs, liver casserole, Karelian pies etc.
  • Panimoravintola Koulu – A brewery-restaurant that serves classic pub fare along with their own craft beers brewed on site
  • Roster Turku – A trendy café serving specialty coffee along with breakfast items such as avocado toast or porridge
  • Cafe Art – A cozy café that serves homemade pastries like cinnamon rolls or carrot cake along with coffee or tea
  • Turun Seudun Makumatkailu Oy – This is not exactly a restaurant but it is an organization that provides food tours around the city of Turku where you can taste various local delicacies from different restaurants in the city

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Turku Castle Park is a historic park that surrounds the Turku Castle. It features walking trails, gardens, and picnic areas.
    2. Kupittaa Park is a large park with playgrounds, sports fields, walking paths, and a lake for swimming and boating.
    3. Ruissalo Island is a nature reserve with forests, beaches, hiking trails, and bird-watching opportunities.
    4. Flowpark Adventure Park is an outdoor adventure park with zip lines and obstacle courses for all ages.
    5. Forum Marinum Maritime Centre is a museum showcasing Finland’s maritime history with interactive exhibits and boat tours.
    6. Aura River Promenade is a scenic riverfront walkway lined with cafes, restaurants, and shops.
    7. Paavo Nurmi Stadium is an Olympic-sized stadium used for track & field events as well as concerts and other events.
    8. Turku Archipelago National Park consists of islands accessible by ferry or private boat for hiking or camping trips.
    9. Samppalinna Outdoor Swimming Stadium is an open-air swimming pool located in Samppalinna Sports Park which happens to be one of the oldest outdoor swimming pools in Finland.
    10. Turun Saaristo (Turku Archipelago) comprises small islands located outside the city center that can be accessed by ferry where you can go fishing or just enjoy the beautiful scenery it has to offer.


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