Burco, Somalia

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Burco, Somalia

Region: Burco is located in the Togdheer region of Somalia


Geographic Coordinates: 9.527900, 45.534500
Climate: Dry and hot climate with occasional rainfall, and two distinct seasons: a dry season from December to May and a wet season from June to November.
Population: 750211
Language: Somali

Burco is a city located in the Togdheer region of Somalia, Known for its historical and cultural significance. It is the second-largest city in the region after its capital, Burao, With a population of approximately 200, 000 people. The city has a rich history dating back to pre-colonial times when it served as an important trading hub between Ethiopia and coastal regions of Somalia. During colonial times, Burco was part of British Somaliland and played an important role in the administration of the region.

Tourists from all over the world visit Burco to explore several historical sites such as Sheikh Aden Madobe’s tomb that dates back to the 13th century and Naasa Hablood – a rock formation resembling two giraffes kissing. Burco has undergone significant development in recent years with new infrastructure projects being implemented across the city. This includes road construction projects aimed at improving connectivity within Burco and neighboring regions. The economy of Burco relies heavily on trade with neighboring countries such as Ethiopia and Djibouti. The city also has several small-scale industries including textiles, Leatherworks, And food processing plants.

Despite being located in a volatile region prone to conflicts between ethnic groups or clans within Somali society; Burco has remained relatively peaceful compared to other parts of Somalia due to strong community-led initiatives aimed at promoting peacebuilding efforts through dialogue among various clans residing within its boundaries. Overall, Burco stands out as one of Somalia’s most historically significant cities due to its rich cultural heritage dating back centuries ago coupled with recent developments aimed at improving living standards for residents while promoting economic growth opportunities for businesses operating there today!



Important Landmarks

  1. Burco is a city located in the Togdheer region of Somalia.
  2. The Sheikh Saleh Alawi Mosque is known for its unique architecture and religious significance.
  3. The Burco Market is a popular destination for fresh produce, textiles, handicrafts and other items.
  4. Amoud University offers courses in various fields.
  5. The Togdheer River flows through Burco and provides a picturesque backdrop for picnics and leisurely walks.
  6. The War Memorial Monument commemorates the soldiers who lost their lives during the Somali Civil War.
  7. The Golis Mountains surrounding Burco are ideal for hiking enthusiasts looking to explore nature’s beauty.
  8. The Camel Market on the outskirts of town is where camels are bought and sold by local traders.
  9. The Sheikh Abdirahman Sheikh Nuur Museum & Cultural Center (SASNMCC) showcases Somali history through art exhibitions, cultural performances, traditional dances etc.
  10. Horse racing is one of the most popular sports events held every year in Burco.

It’s important to note that due to political instability in Somalia over recent years some tourist attractions may not be accessible or safe to visit at times so it’s advisable to check with your embassy before traveling there.


Noteable History

  1. Burco served as the capital of British Somaliland Protectorate from 1941 to 1942.
  2. After Somalia gained independence in 1960, Burco became part of the newly formed Somali Republic.
  3. Burco faced severe bombings by government forces during the Somali Civil War in 1988.
  4. Following Siad Barre’s regime collapse in 1991, Burco declared itself a constituent part of Somaliland’s self-declared Republic.
  5. Some renowned personalities associated with Burco include Mohamed Ibrahim Egal, who held positions like Prime Minister and President of Somaliland; Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud Silanyo, who served as President of Somaliland from 2010 to 2017; and Abdirahman Mohamud Farole, who was Puntland’s President from 2009 to 2014.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Sheikh Isaaq Mosque – This mosque is a significant religious site in Burco and is named after the founder of the Isaaq clan.
  2. Burco Museum – The museum showcases traditional Somali culture and artifacts from different parts of the country.
  3. Dahabshiil Business Center – It is one of the most prominent buildings in Burco, known for its unique architecture and modern facilities.
  4. Gaashaan Monument – A monument dedicated to those who fought for Somaliland’s independence from Somalia.
  5. Hargeisa Cultural Center – Located about 90 km from Burco, this center hosts various cultural events and exhibitions showcasing Somali art and music.
  6. Naasa Hablood Monument – A statue depicting two women holding hands which symbolizes unity among Somalis
  7. Togdheer Regional Hospital – One of the largest hospitals in Somaliland located in central Burao
  8. Togdheer River – A scenic river that runs through Togdheer region with beautiful natural scenery along its banks



Cultural Events

  • After conducting research, I couldn’t find any significant cultural events or festivals in Burco, Somalia.
  • The city is predominantly Muslim and celebrates Islamic holidays such as Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha.
  • Additionally, the city has a weekly market day where locals gather to sell and buy goods.

  • Cuisine

    • Camel meat is a popular dish that can be found at various local restaurants.
    • Somali tea is a sweet and spiced tea enjoyed throughout Somalia.
    • Xalwo (halva) is a sweet treat made from sugar, cornstarch, and oil that is often served with Somali tea.
    • Rice dishes are also common in Burco and often include spices such as cumin or turmeric.
    • Al-Hayat Restaurant serves traditional Somali dishes such as camel meat and rice.
    • Kulan Restaurant offers a variety of Somali dishes including grilled meats and stews.
    • Hoyo’s Kitchen is known for its authentic Somali cuisine, serving traditional dishes such as sambusa (fried pastry with meat filling) and suqaar (sauteed beef or chicken).
    • Al-Sheikh Restaurant specializes in grilled meats such as lamb chops and chicken kebabs but also offers vegetarian options like falafel wraps.

    Please note that due to the ongoing conflict in Somalia, it may be difficult to find information on current dining options in Burco or other cities within the country.


    Parks and Recreation

    1. Sheikh Madar Park – a popular park with a playground for children, picnic areas, benches for relaxation, and walking paths.
    2. Burco Stadium – a sports stadium where locals can watch football matches and other sporting events.
    3. Togdheer River – a natural attraction where people can enjoy fishing or take boat rides along the river.
    4. Camel Market – a unique experience where visitors can see camels being bought and sold by local traders.
    5. Shopping Centers – there are several shopping centers in Burco where people can go shopping or dine out with friends and family.

    Note: It is advisable to check with local authorities regarding any safety concerns before visiting these places as situations may change over time due to various factors such as political instability or natural calamities.


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