Purnea, India

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Purnea, India

Region: Bihar

Geographic Coordinates: 25.778000, 87.476000
Temperature Range: 15.0°C to 35.0°C (59°F to 95°F)
Climate: Seasonal.
Population: 496830
Language: Hindi

Purnea is a city in Bihar, India, Located on the banks of the Kosi River. It has a diverse population of Hindus, Muslims, And Christians living harmoniously together. The city has a rich cultural heritage dating back to ancient times when it was ruled by various dynasties. During those times, Purnea was an important center for trade and commerce due to its strategic location near the riverbank. It also served as an administrative center during British colonial rule.

Purnea is home to beautiful temples with intricate carvings and architecture like the Kali Temple near the bus stand and Shiva Mandir built in South Indian style architecture. There are also several parks like Rambagh Park where residents can relax amidst lush greenery away from pollution-filled streets. The local cuisine of Purnea includes traditional Bihari dishes loved by locals and tourists alike such as Litti Chokha, Dalpuri, Ghugni among others. Moreover, Purnea has several educational institutions including engineering colleges, Medical colleges, Management institutes making it an education hub for students across Bihar.

Purnea offers visitors a window into Bihar’s rich history through its temples and monuments while providing modern amenities like educational institutions and parks to cater to their needs. The city is a perfect blend of tradition and modernity making it an interesting destination for tourists looking to explore Bihar’s culture and heritage.

Important Landmarks

  1. Kali Mandir
  2. Mata Sthan
  3. Durga Mandir
  4. Jalalgarh Fort
  5. Baisi Pahacha Garh
  6. Hanuman Mandir
  7. Bhuvaneshwari Temple
  8. Rambagh Palace and Park
  9. Janki Mandir
  10. Mahatma Gandhi Setu

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture
  2. Horticulture
  3. Animal husbandry
  4. Handicrafts
  5. Small-scale manufacturing
    • Rice production
    • Wheat production
    • Maize production
    • Sugarcane production
    • Mango production
    • Banana production
  6. Textiles and garment manufacturing units
    • Oil mills
    • Flour mills
  7. Service sector
    • Banks
    • Hospitals
    • Educational institutions

Noteable History

  1. The Battle of Purnea took place in 1765 between the East India Company and Nawab Mir Qasim, resulting in a victory for the British and marking their beginning of rule in Bengal.
  2. Dr. Rajendra Prasad, who later became India’s first President, was born on December 3, 1884 in Zeradei village near Purnea.
  3. Mahatma Gandhi visited Purnea during his Champaran Satyagraha movement in 1917-18.
  4. Sita Ram Upadhyay was a renowned Hindi poet and writer from Purnea district.
  5. Sharda Sinha is a popular folk singer from Bihar known for her contributions to Bihari culture through several Bhojpuri songs.
  6. Kunwar Singh played an important role as a freedom fighter from Bihar during the Indian Rebellion of 1857 against British colonialism.
  7. Anugrah Narayan Sinha was an Indian independence activist and politician who served as the first Deputy Chief Minister cum Finance Minister of Bihar after independence.
  8. Kameshwar Singh Darbhanga was an aristocrat and philanthropist from Bihar who made significant contributions to education, healthcare, and social welfare during his lifetime.
  9. Raghunath Jha served as former Union minister and Member of Parliament from Purnea constituency in Bihar.
  10. Bhola Paswan Shastri was an Indian politician noted for serving as Union Minister for Communications and Information Technology while also being a celebrated Hindi writer and journalist from Bihar.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Kali Mandir
  2. Purnea Museum
  3. Badi Dargah
  4. Kamla Nehru Park
  5. Rambagh Palace
  6. Kashtaharni Ghat
  7. Shri Krishna Vatika
  8. Tara Mandal
  9. Surya Mandir Purnea
  10. Mahatma Gandhi Smarak Udyan

Cultural Events

  1. Chhath Puja is a four-day festival celebrated in Purnea, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, dedicated to the worship of the Sun God.
  2. Durga Puja is another major festival celebrated with great enthusiasm in Purnea, marking the victory of Goddess Durga over evil forces.
  3. Ram Navami celebrates the birth of Lord Rama and is observed with great devotion by Hindus across India.
  4. Eid-ul-Fitr marks the end of Ramadan, a month-long fasting period and is celebrated by Muslims in Purnea.
  5. Holi, a colorful and vibrant festival where people smear each other with colors and water, is also celebrated in Purnea.
  6. Diwali or The Festival of Lights is also celebrated in Purnea where people light up their homes with diyas (lamps) and candles to welcome Goddess Lakshmi.
  7. Bihula-Bishari Mela is a famous fair held annually at Kharik Bazaar near Banmankhi town around 40 km from Purnia city during July-August month every year which attracts thousands of visitors from different parts showcasing local culture through various stalls exhibiting handicrafts & food items etc., commemorating an ancient folklore legend story about Bihula-Bishari who saved her husband’s life from snake-bite along with other tales associated with it for trade purposes as well as religious significance.
  8. Makar Sankranti marks the transition of the sun into Capricorn on its celestial path which falls on 14th January every year when people take holy dip at sacred rivers like Ganga or Kosi river nearby followed by feasting & flying kites tradition especially among children & youth.


  1. Litti Chokha

    A traditional dish made with roasted wheat balls filled with spiced mashed potatoes, served with a side of mashed brinjal and tomato chutney. Some popular places to try this dish are Litti Junction and Balaji Sweets.

  2. Chaat

    A savory street food snack made with crispy fried dough, potatoes, chickpeas, yogurt, and various spices. Popular chaat spots in Purnea include Kailash Chaat Bhandar and Gupta Chaat House.

  3. Biryani

    A rice-based dish cooked with meat or vegetables and various spices. Some popular places to try biryani in Purnea are Al Madina Restaurant and Royal Biryani House.

  4. Samosas

    A deep-fried pastry filled with spiced potatoes or meat. The most famous place for samosas is Shri Ram Samosa Wala.

  5. Sattu Paratha

    A stuffed flatbread made from roasted gram flour (sattu) mixed with spices like cumin seeds, coriander leaves etc., served hot alongwith curd or chutney as accompaniments. This delicacy can be tasted at Annapurna Sattu Center.

  6. Mughlai Cuisine

    Chicken Tikka Masala, Mutton Rogan Josh, Chicken Korma etc can be enjoyed at Mughal Darbar Restaurant.

  7. Punjabi Cuisine

    Sarso ka Saag, Makki ki Roti, Chole Bhature, Pindi Chana etc can be savoured at Punjabi Tadka restaurant.

  8. Chinese Cuisine

    Chinese food lovers can visit The Oriental Kitchen for relishing their favourite dishes like Noodles, Fried Rice, Spring Rolls, Dumplings etc.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Purnea City Park
  2. Kali Mandir Park
  3. Nehru Stadium
  4. Rambagh Garden
  5. Panchmukhi Hanuman Mandir Park
  6. Bhatta Bazar Park
  7. Purnea Golf Course and Club
  8. Bhola Nath Dham
  9. Ganga Maiya Temple and Park
  10. Balaji Temple and Garden


Let The Journey Begin.

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